Accelerated decay of a Lamb-Oseen vortex tube laden with inertial particles in Eulerian-Lagrangian simulations

Shuai Shuai, M. Houssem Kasbaoui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigate the effect of inertial particles on the stability and decay of a prototypical vortex tube, represented by a two-dimensional Lamb-Oseen vortex. In the absence of particles, the strong stability of this flow makes it resilient to perturbations, whereby vorticity and enstrophy decay at a slow rate controlled by viscosity. Using Eulerian-Lagrangian simulations, we show that the dispersion of semidilute inertial particles accelerates the decay of the vortex tube by orders of magnitude. In this work, mass loading is unity, ensuring that the fluid and particle phases are tightly coupled. Particle inertia and vortex strength are varied to yield Stokes numbers 0.1-0.4 and circulation Reynolds numbers 800-5000. Preferential concentration causes these inertial particles to be ejected from the vortex core forming a ring-shaped cluster and a void fraction bubble that expand outwards. The outward migration of the particles causes a flattening of the vorticity distribution, which enhances the decay of the vortex. The latter is further accelerated by small-scale clustering that causes enstrophy to grow, in contrast with the monotonic decay of enstrophy in single-phase two-dimensional vortices. These dynamics unfold on a time scale that is set by preferential concentration and is two orders of magnitude lower than the viscous time scale. Increasing particle inertia causes a faster decay of the vortex. This work shows that the injection of inertial particles could provide an effective strategy for the control and suppression of resilient vortex tubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA8
Journaljournal of fluid mechanics
Volume936
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2022

Keywords

  • Particle/fluid flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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