AC-filtering supercapacitors based on edge oriented vertical graphene and cross-linked carbon nanofiber

Wenyue Li, Nazifah Islam, Guofeng Ren, Shiqi Li, Zhaoyang Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is strong interest in developing high-frequency (HF) supercapacitors or electrochemical capacitors (ECs), which can work at the hundreds to kilo hertz range for line-frequency alternating current (AC) filtering in the substitution of bulky aluminum electrolytic capacitors, with broad applications in the power and electronic fields. Although great progress has been achieved in the studies of electrode materials for ECs, most of them are not suitable to work in this high frequency range because of the slow electrochemical processes involved. Edge-oriented vertical graphene (VG) networks on 3D scaffolds have a unique structure that offers straightforward pore configuration, reasonable surface area, and high electronic conductivity, thus allowing the fabrication of HF-ECs. Comparatively, highly conductive freestanding cross-linked carbon nanofibers (CCNFs), derived from bacterial cellulose in a rapid plasma pyrolysis process, can also provide a large surface area but free of rate-limiting micropores, and are another good candidate for HF-ECs. In this mini review, advances in these fields are summarized, with emphasis on our recent contributions in the study of these materials and their electrochemical properties including preliminary demonstrations of HF-ECs for AC line filtering and pulse power storage applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number604
JournalMaterials
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 18 2019

Keywords

  • AC filtering
  • Cross-linked carbon nanofiber
  • High-rate supercapacitor
  • Pulse power storage
  • Vertical graphene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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