Absolute wealth and world region strongly predict overweight among women (ages 18-49) in 360 populations across 36 developing countries

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper proposes a benchmark for comparing SES gradients across countries, based on gross domestic product apportioned to members of differing wealth categories within countries. Using this approach, we estimate absolute wealth in 360 populations in 36 developing countries and model its relationship with overweight (BMI ≥ 25) among non-pregnant women ages 18-49. A simple model based on absolute wealth alone strongly predicts odds of overweight (R2 = 0.59), a relationship that holds both between countries and between different groups in the same country (10 populations for each of 36 countries). Moreover, world region modifies this relationship, accounting for an additional 22% of variance (R2 = 0.81). This allows us to extract a basic pattern: rising rates of overweight in lower and middle income countries closely track increasing economic resources, and the shape of that gradient differs by region in systematic ways.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)337-344
    Number of pages8
    JournalEconomics and Human Biology
    Volume11
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2013

    Fingerprint

    Developing Countries
    developing country
    Gross Domestic Product
    Benchmarking
    Population
    Economics
    gross domestic product
    income
    resources
    economics
    Group

    Keywords

    • BMI
    • Global
    • Gross domestic product per capita
    • Obesity
    • Overweight
    • Wealth

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)

    Cite this

    @article{5b16154a5f6a463cace995ded402b8c6,
    title = "Absolute wealth and world region strongly predict overweight among women (ages 18-49) in 360 populations across 36 developing countries",
    abstract = "This paper proposes a benchmark for comparing SES gradients across countries, based on gross domestic product apportioned to members of differing wealth categories within countries. Using this approach, we estimate absolute wealth in 360 populations in 36 developing countries and model its relationship with overweight (BMI ≥ 25) among non-pregnant women ages 18-49. A simple model based on absolute wealth alone strongly predicts odds of overweight (R2 = 0.59), a relationship that holds both between countries and between different groups in the same country (10 populations for each of 36 countries). Moreover, world region modifies this relationship, accounting for an additional 22{\%} of variance (R2 = 0.81). This allows us to extract a basic pattern: rising rates of overweight in lower and middle income countries closely track increasing economic resources, and the shape of that gradient differs by region in systematic ways.",
    keywords = "BMI, Global, Gross domestic product per capita, Obesity, Overweight, Wealth",
    author = "Daniel Hruschka and Alexandra Slade",
    year = "2013",
    month = "7",
    doi = "10.1016/j.ehb.2012.01.001",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "11",
    pages = "337--344",
    journal = "Economics and Human Biology",
    issn = "1570-677X",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Absolute wealth and world region strongly predict overweight among women (ages 18-49) in 360 populations across 36 developing countries

    AU - Hruschka, Daniel

    AU - Slade, Alexandra

    PY - 2013/7

    Y1 - 2013/7

    N2 - This paper proposes a benchmark for comparing SES gradients across countries, based on gross domestic product apportioned to members of differing wealth categories within countries. Using this approach, we estimate absolute wealth in 360 populations in 36 developing countries and model its relationship with overweight (BMI ≥ 25) among non-pregnant women ages 18-49. A simple model based on absolute wealth alone strongly predicts odds of overweight (R2 = 0.59), a relationship that holds both between countries and between different groups in the same country (10 populations for each of 36 countries). Moreover, world region modifies this relationship, accounting for an additional 22% of variance (R2 = 0.81). This allows us to extract a basic pattern: rising rates of overweight in lower and middle income countries closely track increasing economic resources, and the shape of that gradient differs by region in systematic ways.

    AB - This paper proposes a benchmark for comparing SES gradients across countries, based on gross domestic product apportioned to members of differing wealth categories within countries. Using this approach, we estimate absolute wealth in 360 populations in 36 developing countries and model its relationship with overweight (BMI ≥ 25) among non-pregnant women ages 18-49. A simple model based on absolute wealth alone strongly predicts odds of overweight (R2 = 0.59), a relationship that holds both between countries and between different groups in the same country (10 populations for each of 36 countries). Moreover, world region modifies this relationship, accounting for an additional 22% of variance (R2 = 0.81). This allows us to extract a basic pattern: rising rates of overweight in lower and middle income countries closely track increasing economic resources, and the shape of that gradient differs by region in systematic ways.

    KW - BMI

    KW - Global

    KW - Gross domestic product per capita

    KW - Obesity

    KW - Overweight

    KW - Wealth

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878400338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878400338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.ehb.2012.01.001

    DO - 10.1016/j.ehb.2012.01.001

    M3 - Article

    VL - 11

    SP - 337

    EP - 344

    JO - Economics and Human Biology

    JF - Economics and Human Biology

    SN - 1570-677X

    IS - 3

    ER -