Abnormal personality and the mood and anxiety disorders

Implications for structural models of anxiety and depression

Wakiza Gamez, David Watson, Bradley Doebbeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Substantial overlap exists between the mood and anxiety disorders. Previous research has suggested that their comorbidity can be explained by a shared factor (negative emotionality), but that they may also be distinguished by other unique components. The current study explicated these relations using an abnormal personality framework. Current diagnoses of major depression and several anxiety disorders were assessed in 563 Gulf War veterans. Participants also completed the schedule for nonadaptive and adaptive personality (SNAP) to determine how these disorders relate to abnormal personality traits. Analyses of individual diagnoses indicated that depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were more strongly related to personality than were other anxiety disorders. The Self-Harm Scale distinguished major depression from all other disorders, highlighting its significance for future structural models. Our results add to a growing body of evidence suggesting that GAD and PTSD have more in common with major depression than with their anxiety disorder counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-539
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Structural Models
Personality Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Anxiety
Depression
Personality
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Gulf War
Veterans
Comorbidity
Appointments and Schedules
Research

Keywords

  • Depression and anxiety
  • Personality
  • SNAP
  • Structural model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Abnormal personality and the mood and anxiety disorders : Implications for structural models of anxiety and depression. / Gamez, Wakiza; Watson, David; Doebbeling, Bradley.

In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2007, p. 526-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d31bc421bca94a8bbc9f458506715b32,
title = "Abnormal personality and the mood and anxiety disorders: Implications for structural models of anxiety and depression",
abstract = "Substantial overlap exists between the mood and anxiety disorders. Previous research has suggested that their comorbidity can be explained by a shared factor (negative emotionality), but that they may also be distinguished by other unique components. The current study explicated these relations using an abnormal personality framework. Current diagnoses of major depression and several anxiety disorders were assessed in 563 Gulf War veterans. Participants also completed the schedule for nonadaptive and adaptive personality (SNAP) to determine how these disorders relate to abnormal personality traits. Analyses of individual diagnoses indicated that depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were more strongly related to personality than were other anxiety disorders. The Self-Harm Scale distinguished major depression from all other disorders, highlighting its significance for future structural models. Our results add to a growing body of evidence suggesting that GAD and PTSD have more in common with major depression than with their anxiety disorder counterparts.",
keywords = "Depression and anxiety, Personality, SNAP, Structural model",
author = "Wakiza Gamez and David Watson and Bradley Doebbeling",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.08.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "526--539",
journal = "Journal of Anxiety Disorders",
issn = "0887-6185",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abnormal personality and the mood and anxiety disorders

T2 - Implications for structural models of anxiety and depression

AU - Gamez, Wakiza

AU - Watson, David

AU - Doebbeling, Bradley

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Substantial overlap exists between the mood and anxiety disorders. Previous research has suggested that their comorbidity can be explained by a shared factor (negative emotionality), but that they may also be distinguished by other unique components. The current study explicated these relations using an abnormal personality framework. Current diagnoses of major depression and several anxiety disorders were assessed in 563 Gulf War veterans. Participants also completed the schedule for nonadaptive and adaptive personality (SNAP) to determine how these disorders relate to abnormal personality traits. Analyses of individual diagnoses indicated that depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were more strongly related to personality than were other anxiety disorders. The Self-Harm Scale distinguished major depression from all other disorders, highlighting its significance for future structural models. Our results add to a growing body of evidence suggesting that GAD and PTSD have more in common with major depression than with their anxiety disorder counterparts.

AB - Substantial overlap exists between the mood and anxiety disorders. Previous research has suggested that their comorbidity can be explained by a shared factor (negative emotionality), but that they may also be distinguished by other unique components. The current study explicated these relations using an abnormal personality framework. Current diagnoses of major depression and several anxiety disorders were assessed in 563 Gulf War veterans. Participants also completed the schedule for nonadaptive and adaptive personality (SNAP) to determine how these disorders relate to abnormal personality traits. Analyses of individual diagnoses indicated that depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were more strongly related to personality than were other anxiety disorders. The Self-Harm Scale distinguished major depression from all other disorders, highlighting its significance for future structural models. Our results add to a growing body of evidence suggesting that GAD and PTSD have more in common with major depression than with their anxiety disorder counterparts.

KW - Depression and anxiety

KW - Personality

KW - SNAP

KW - Structural model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34247467390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34247467390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.08.003

DO - 10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.08.003

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 526

EP - 539

JO - Journal of Anxiety Disorders

JF - Journal of Anxiety Disorders

SN - 0887-6185

IS - 4

ER -