By use of the glucose clamp sequential insulin infusion technique, we compared the dose-response characteristics of insulin-mediated glucose disposal in 17 patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and 13 age- and weight-matched nondiabetic volunteers. In terms of plasma insulin concentrations, the dose-response curve in the diabetics was shifted to the right (Km 156 +/- 28 vs. 58 +/- 4 microU/ml in nondiabetics, P less than 0.01) with a decreased maximum response (Vmax 320 +/- 22 vs. 405 +/- 10 mg X m-2 X min-1 in nondiabetics, P less than 0.01). Moreover, coupling between insulin receptor binding and activation of insulin effector units was defective in the diabetic subjects (half-maximally effective insulin receptor occupancy 184 +/- 11 vs. 145 +/- 12 pg in nondiabetics for monocytes, P less than 0.02, and 120 +/- 8 vs. 85 +/- 4 pg for erythrocytes in nondiabetics, P less than 0.01). The presence of defective coupling in itself could explain the abnormal insulin dose-response characteristics for glucose disposal in NIDDM and differentiates the insulin resistance of this condition from that of obesity in which coupling is normal.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||The American journal of physiology|
|Issue number||5 Pt 1|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1984|
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