Abiotic stress and its impact on production efficiency: The case of rice farming in Bangladesh

Ashok K. Mishra, Kh A. Mottaleb, Aditya R. Khanal, Samrendu Mohanty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enhancing technical efficiency of rice production in major rice producing countries of Asia and Africa can have positive impacts on farm household income, alleviation of poverty, and improvement of the livelihoods of millions. Using household income and expenditure survey (HIES) data from Bangladesh and a stochastic frontier production function estimation approach, we examine the technical efficiency of the rice farmers in Bangladesh. Particular attention is given to abiotic stress factors such as maximum temperature and rainfall. Results indicate that while maximum temperature (drought) alone leads to a significant loss in rice production, both maximum temperature and rainfall (floods) are major contributors to technical inefficiency in Bangladeshi rice farming. On the other hand, household assets and off-farm wages tend to increase technical efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume199
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • D24
  • Drought
  • Farm households
  • Q12
  • Rainfall\
  • Rice
  • Stochastic production function
  • Submergence
  • Technical efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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