Abductive inference for combat: Using SCARE-s2 to find high-value targets in Afghanistan

Paulo Shakarian, Margo K. Nagel, Brittany E. Schuetzle, V. S. Subrahmanian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, geospatial abduction was introduced by the authors in (Shakarian, Subrahmanian, and Sapino 2010) as a way to infer unobserved geographic phenomena from a set of known observations and constraints between the two. In this paper, we introduce the SCARE-S2 software tool which applies geospatial abduction to the environment of Afghanistan. Unlike previous work, where we looked for small weapon caches supporting local attacks, here we look for insurgent high-value targets (HVT's), supporting insurgent operations in two provinces. These HVT's include the locations of insurgent leaders and major supply depots. Apply-ing this method of inference to Afghanistan introduces several practical issues not addressed in previous work. Namely, we are conducting inference in a much larger area (24,940 sq km as compared to 675 sq km in previous work), on more varied terrain, and must consider the influence of many local tribes. We address all of these problems and evaluate our software on 6 months of real-world counter-insurgency data. We show that we are able to abduce regions of a relatively small area (on average, under 100 sq km and each containing, on average, 4.8 villages) that are more dense with HVT's (35 x more than the overall area considered).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAAAI-11 / IAAI-11 - Proceedings of the 25th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 23rd Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference
Pages1689-1694
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Nov 2 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event25th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 23rd Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, AAAI-11 / IAAI-11 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 7 2011Aug 11 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Volume2

Other

Other25th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 23rd Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, AAAI-11 / IAAI-11
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period8/7/118/11/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Shakarian, P., Nagel, M. K., Schuetzle, B. E., & Subrahmanian, V. S. (2011). Abductive inference for combat: Using SCARE-s2 to find high-value targets in Afghanistan. In AAAI-11 / IAAI-11 - Proceedings of the 25th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 23rd Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (pp. 1689-1694). (Proceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence; Vol. 2).