Ab initio studies of the cubic boron nitride (1 1 0) surface

Newton Ooi, James B. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The surface structure, surface energy, and work function of the cubic boron nitride (1 1 0) surface were determined using density functional theory calculations. The surface energy calculated using the LDA (GGA) is 3.41 (2.81) J/m 2 and the work function is 7.75 (8.9) eV. The surface energy values correspond well to published measured and calculated values of other binary compound ceramics, whereas the work function values are higher than that seen in other binary compound ceramics. The density of states of the surface was analyzed to determine the electron transitions involved in the work function. Geometry minimization of the stoichiometric BN (1 1 0) surface results in a simple reconstruction where pairs of adjacent boron and nitrogen atoms reduce their bond length by ∼0.12 Å, compared to the perfect crystal. Relaxations occur as small oscillations in the (1 1 0) inter-planar spacings that decay to zero after five atomic layers. Oscillations are more pronounced for the boron atoms than the nitrogen atoms, and the final surface has the nitrogen atoms about 0.2 Å higher than the boron atoms. These reconstructions and relaxations are similar to that found in other III-V zincblende materials. Adjacent boron and nitrogen atoms at the surface are more covalently bonded than in the bulk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-286
Number of pages18
JournalSurface Science
Volume574
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Boron nitride
  • Computer simulations
  • Density functional calculations
  • Surface electronic phenomena (work function, surface potential, surface states, etc.)
  • Surface energy
  • Surface structure, morphology, roughness, and topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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