The optimal structures, binding energies, and harmonic vibrational frequencies of clusters containing a substituted benzene molecule microsolvated by four water molecules, termed as π-(water tetramer) clusters (π: p-difluorobenzene, fluorobenzene, benzene, toluene) have been evaluated at the second order perturbation level of theory (MP2) using both the 6-31+G* and aug-cc-pVDZ basis sets. In sharp contrast to the complexes of smaller water clusters with these π systems, wherein the water subcluster is most strongly bound to toluene, the water tetramer is most strongly bound to fluorobenzene. This exceptionally high binding energy results from both a π⋯OH H-bond and a competing σ F⋯OH bond between the water tetramer moiety and the aromatic molecule. The magnitudes of the many-body energy terms and their contribution to the binding energies of these π-(water tetramer) systems indicates that the contributions of three- and higher-order terms are much smaller when compared to the neutral water clusters. The two-body terms associated with the π- and σ-type of interaction indicates that in both the fluorobenzene and p-difluorobenzene complexes, the increase in the size of the water cluster enhances the π-H-bonding interaction and weakens the σ F⋯H interaction. This observation is in consonance with the calculated and experimentally observed redshifts of the OH vibrational frequencies. Thus, with an increase in the size of a water cluster bound to the fluorinated π system, there is a lowering of the redshift induced by the σ F⋯H interaction and an increase in the redshift due to the π-H interaction. The calculated redshift of the π H-bonded OH mode is very much dependent on the basis set, with larger basis sets yielding shifts which are in better agreement with the experimentally determined shifts.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry