Ab initio calculations of the energy dependence of Si-O-Si angles in silica and Ge-O-Ge angles in germania crystalline systems

Colby J. Dawson, Rebeca Sanchez-Smith, Peter Rez, Michael O'Keeffe, Michael Treacy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cristobalite is the only corner-sharing tetrahedral framework that can maintain perfectly regular SiO4 tetrahedra throughout the entire 180 range of Si-O-Si angles. It is, thus, the ideal system for a study of the energy dependence of the Si-O-Si angle in a crystalline framework. Using the VASP first principles density functional code, we have derived energy versus Si-O-Si angle curves for pure silica and versus Ge-O-Ge angles for pure germania models of cristobalite. In addition, the frameworks of quartz, tridymite, and the zeolites sodalite (SOD) and metavariscite (BCT) were studied. The range of angles with low energies is larger for silica, though the lowest-energy Ge-O-Ge angle is always lower than the corresponding lowest-energy Si-O-Si angle in the same framework type. We discuss which framework types are possible for pure-silica and pure-germania based on a rigid tetrahedron model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1523-1527
Number of pages5
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2014

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Germanium
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
Crystalline materials
Zeolites
Quartz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Ab initio calculations of the energy dependence of Si-O-Si angles in silica and Ge-O-Ge angles in germania crystalline systems. / Dawson, Colby J.; Sanchez-Smith, Rebeca; Rez, Peter; O'Keeffe, Michael; Treacy, Michael.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, No. 4, 25.02.2014, p. 1523-1527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Treacy, Michael

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N2 - Cristobalite is the only corner-sharing tetrahedral framework that can maintain perfectly regular SiO4 tetrahedra throughout the entire 180 range of Si-O-Si angles. It is, thus, the ideal system for a study of the energy dependence of the Si-O-Si angle in a crystalline framework. Using the VASP first principles density functional code, we have derived energy versus Si-O-Si angle curves for pure silica and versus Ge-O-Ge angles for pure germania models of cristobalite. In addition, the frameworks of quartz, tridymite, and the zeolites sodalite (SOD) and metavariscite (BCT) were studied. The range of angles with low energies is larger for silica, though the lowest-energy Ge-O-Ge angle is always lower than the corresponding lowest-energy Si-O-Si angle in the same framework type. We discuss which framework types are possible for pure-silica and pure-germania based on a rigid tetrahedron model.

AB - Cristobalite is the only corner-sharing tetrahedral framework that can maintain perfectly regular SiO4 tetrahedra throughout the entire 180 range of Si-O-Si angles. It is, thus, the ideal system for a study of the energy dependence of the Si-O-Si angle in a crystalline framework. Using the VASP first principles density functional code, we have derived energy versus Si-O-Si angle curves for pure silica and versus Ge-O-Ge angles for pure germania models of cristobalite. In addition, the frameworks of quartz, tridymite, and the zeolites sodalite (SOD) and metavariscite (BCT) were studied. The range of angles with low energies is larger for silica, though the lowest-energy Ge-O-Ge angle is always lower than the corresponding lowest-energy Si-O-Si angle in the same framework type. We discuss which framework types are possible for pure-silica and pure-germania based on a rigid tetrahedron model.

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