A very brief history of hydraulic technology during antiquity

Larry Mays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Hydraulic technology began during antiquity long before the great works of such investigators such as Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647), Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782), and Leonhard Euler (1707-1783). The history of hydraulic technology even began long before Archimedes (287-212 BC). It is amazing to see what was accomplished in the application of hydraulic technology during antiquity, millenniums before the development of the concepts of conservation of mass, energy, and momentum used in present-day hydraulic design. The first developments of hydraulic technology occurred with the development of irrigation for agriculture, followed by the development of urban centers. A brief history is given of the development of hydraulic technology during antiquity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-484
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironmental Fluid Mechanics
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Sep 25 2008


  • Antiquity
  • History
  • Hydraulics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology


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