A versatile synthesis of metal-organic framework-derived porous carbons for CO2 capture and gas separation

Jun Wang, Jiangfeng Yang, Rajamani Krishna, Ting Yang, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a versatile fabrication method, detailed material characterization, pore architecture formation patterns, and surface functionality of MIL-100Al-derived porous carbons. Oxygen-doped porous carbons were prepared via carbonization of MIL-100Al, MIL-100Al/F127 composite, and MIL-100Al/KOH mixture. Microscopy tools showed different Al2O3 composite patterns and morphologies in the carbon particles, and a coherent discussion of versatile fabrication methods on carbon textural properties is demonstrated. The obtained porous carbons have a large specific surface area (up to 1097 m2 g-1), well-developed narrow microporosity (up to 92% of the pore volume arises from micropores), and excellent CO2 adsorption capacities of 6.5 mmol g-1 at 273 K and 4.8 mmol g-1 at 298 K at an ambient pressure, which is among the highest reported so far for the MOF-derived carbons. Furthermore, excellent CO2/N2 selectivity of 45, CO2/CH4 selectivity of 14.5, and CH4/N2 selectivity of 5.1 were achieved at 298 K and 1 bar. Kinetic selectivity was also calculated, in which high CH4/N2 selectivity (up to 11) was reached at 273 K and 1 bar. Potent gas separation performance and outstanding regenerability, demonstrated by breakthrough simulation and adsorption-desorption cycling tests, enable these MOF derived porous carbons to function as suitable solid adsorbents for CO2 capture from flue gas and bio-gas upgradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19095-19106
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume4
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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Carbon
Gases
Metals
UCON 50-HB-5100
Adsorption
Fabrication
Microporosity
Biogas
Carbonization
Composite materials
Flue gases
Specific surface area
Adsorbents
Desorption
Microscopic examination
Oxygen
Kinetics
N(1)-methyl-2-lysergic acid diethylamide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

A versatile synthesis of metal-organic framework-derived porous carbons for CO2 capture and gas separation. / Wang, Jun; Yang, Jiangfeng; Krishna, Rajamani; Yang, Ting; Deng, Shuguang.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, No. 48, 2016, p. 19095-19106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Jun ; Yang, Jiangfeng ; Krishna, Rajamani ; Yang, Ting ; Deng, Shuguang. / A versatile synthesis of metal-organic framework-derived porous carbons for CO2 capture and gas separation. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2016 ; Vol. 4, No. 48. pp. 19095-19106.
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