A two-factor model of ethnic identity exploration: Implications for identity coherence and well-being

Moin Syed, Lovey H M Walker, Richard M. Lee, Byron L. Zamboanga, Brian E. Armenta, Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Seth J. Schwartz, Que Lam Huynh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the multidimensional nature of ethnic identity exploration and its relevance for a broader sense of identity and well-being. Participants were 3,637 ethnic minority college students who completed survey measures of ethnic identity exploration, general identity coherence, general identity confusion, and well-being. Consistent with our 3 hypotheses, the results indicated that (a) ethnic identity exploration comprised 2 dimensions, participation and search; (b) participation was positively associated with well-being, whereas search was negatively associated with well-being; and (c) identity coherence and identity confusion mediated the associations between participation and search, respectively, and well-being. These findings have important theoretical implications for conceptualization and measurement of ethnic identity exploration and its association with well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-154
Number of pages12
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Ethnic identity
  • Identity coherence
  • Identity exploration
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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