A Two-dimensional Spectroscopic Study of Emission-line Galaxies in the Faint Infrared Grism Survey (FIGS). I. Detection Method and Catalog

Norbert Pirzkal, Barry Rothberg, Russell E. Ryan, Sangeeta Malhotra, James Rhoads, Norman Grogin, Emma Curtis-Lake, Jacopo Chevallard, Stephane Charlot, Steven L. Finkelstein, Anton M. Koekemoer, Parviz Ghavamian, Myriam Rodrigues, Francois Hammer, Mathieu Puech, Rebecca L. Larson, Lise Christensen, Andrea Cimatti, Ignacio Ferreras, Jonathan P. GardnerCaryl Gronwall, Nimish P. Hathi, Bhavin Joshi, Harald Kuntschner, Gerhardt R. Meurer, Robert W. O'Connell, Goeran Oestlin, Anna Pasquali, John Pharo, Amber N. Straughn, Jeremy R. Walsh, Darach Watson, Rogier Windhorst, Nadia L. Zakamska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results from the application of a two-dimensional emission line detection method, EMission-line two-Dimensional (EM2D), to the near-infrared G102 grism observations obtained with the Wide-Field Camera 3 (WFC3) as part of the Cycle 22 Hubble Space Telescope Treasury Program: the Faint Infrared Grism Survey (FIGS). Using the EM2D method, we have assembled a catalog of emission line galaxies (ELGs) with resolved star formation from each of the four FIGS fields. Not only can one better assess the global properties of ELGs, but the EM2D method allows for the analysis and improved study of the individual emission-line region within each galaxy. This paper includes a description of the methodology, advantages, and the first results of the EM2D method applied to ELGs in FIGS. The advantage of 2D emission line measurements includes significant improvement of galaxy redshift measurements, approaching the level of accuracy seen in high-spectral-resolution data, but with greater efficiency; and the ability to identify and measure the properties of multiple sites of star formation and over scales of ∼1 kpc within individual galaxies out to z ∼ 4. The EM2D method also significantly improves the reliability of high-redshift (z ∼ 7) Lyα detections. Coupled with the wide field of view and high efficiency of space-based grism observations, EM2D provides a noteworthy improvement on the physical parameters that can be extracted from grism observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number61
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume868
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2018
Externally publishedYes

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detection method
catalogs
galaxies
star formation
field of view
spectral resolution
Hubble Space Telescope
field survey
near infrared
cameras
methodology
cycles
method
high resolution

Keywords

  • galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • galaxies: star formation
  • galaxies: structure
  • methods: data analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

A Two-dimensional Spectroscopic Study of Emission-line Galaxies in the Faint Infrared Grism Survey (FIGS). I. Detection Method and Catalog. / Pirzkal, Norbert; Rothberg, Barry; Ryan, Russell E.; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Rhoads, James; Grogin, Norman; Curtis-Lake, Emma; Chevallard, Jacopo; Charlot, Stephane; Finkelstein, Steven L.; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Ghavamian, Parviz; Rodrigues, Myriam; Hammer, Francois; Puech, Mathieu; Larson, Rebecca L.; Christensen, Lise; Cimatti, Andrea; Ferreras, Ignacio; Gardner, Jonathan P.; Gronwall, Caryl; Hathi, Nimish P.; Joshi, Bhavin; Kuntschner, Harald; Meurer, Gerhardt R.; O'Connell, Robert W.; Oestlin, Goeran; Pasquali, Anna; Pharo, John; Straughn, Amber N.; Walsh, Jeremy R.; Watson, Darach; Windhorst, Rogier; Zakamska, Nadia L.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 868, No. 1, 61, 20.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pirzkal, N, Rothberg, B, Ryan, RE, Malhotra, S, Rhoads, J, Grogin, N, Curtis-Lake, E, Chevallard, J, Charlot, S, Finkelstein, SL, Koekemoer, AM, Ghavamian, P, Rodrigues, M, Hammer, F, Puech, M, Larson, RL, Christensen, L, Cimatti, A, Ferreras, I, Gardner, JP, Gronwall, C, Hathi, NP, Joshi, B, Kuntschner, H, Meurer, GR, O'Connell, RW, Oestlin, G, Pasquali, A, Pharo, J, Straughn, AN, Walsh, JR, Watson, D, Windhorst, R & Zakamska, NL 2018, 'A Two-dimensional Spectroscopic Study of Emission-line Galaxies in the Faint Infrared Grism Survey (FIGS). I. Detection Method and Catalog', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 868, no. 1, 61. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aae585
Pirzkal, Norbert ; Rothberg, Barry ; Ryan, Russell E. ; Malhotra, Sangeeta ; Rhoads, James ; Grogin, Norman ; Curtis-Lake, Emma ; Chevallard, Jacopo ; Charlot, Stephane ; Finkelstein, Steven L. ; Koekemoer, Anton M. ; Ghavamian, Parviz ; Rodrigues, Myriam ; Hammer, Francois ; Puech, Mathieu ; Larson, Rebecca L. ; Christensen, Lise ; Cimatti, Andrea ; Ferreras, Ignacio ; Gardner, Jonathan P. ; Gronwall, Caryl ; Hathi, Nimish P. ; Joshi, Bhavin ; Kuntschner, Harald ; Meurer, Gerhardt R. ; O'Connell, Robert W. ; Oestlin, Goeran ; Pasquali, Anna ; Pharo, John ; Straughn, Amber N. ; Walsh, Jeremy R. ; Watson, Darach ; Windhorst, Rogier ; Zakamska, Nadia L. / A Two-dimensional Spectroscopic Study of Emission-line Galaxies in the Faint Infrared Grism Survey (FIGS). I. Detection Method and Catalog. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 868, No. 1.
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AU - Pirzkal, Norbert

AU - Rothberg, Barry

AU - Ryan, Russell E.

AU - Malhotra, Sangeeta

AU - Rhoads, James

AU - Grogin, Norman

AU - Curtis-Lake, Emma

AU - Chevallard, Jacopo

AU - Charlot, Stephane

AU - Finkelstein, Steven L.

AU - Koekemoer, Anton M.

AU - Ghavamian, Parviz

AU - Rodrigues, Myriam

AU - Hammer, Francois

AU - Puech, Mathieu

AU - Larson, Rebecca L.

AU - Christensen, Lise

AU - Cimatti, Andrea

AU - Ferreras, Ignacio

AU - Gardner, Jonathan P.

AU - Gronwall, Caryl

AU - Hathi, Nimish P.

AU - Joshi, Bhavin

AU - Kuntschner, Harald

AU - Meurer, Gerhardt R.

AU - O'Connell, Robert W.

AU - Oestlin, Goeran

AU - Pasquali, Anna

AU - Pharo, John

AU - Straughn, Amber N.

AU - Walsh, Jeremy R.

AU - Watson, Darach

AU - Windhorst, Rogier

AU - Zakamska, Nadia L.

PY - 2018/11/20

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N2 - We present the results from the application of a two-dimensional emission line detection method, EMission-line two-Dimensional (EM2D), to the near-infrared G102 grism observations obtained with the Wide-Field Camera 3 (WFC3) as part of the Cycle 22 Hubble Space Telescope Treasury Program: the Faint Infrared Grism Survey (FIGS). Using the EM2D method, we have assembled a catalog of emission line galaxies (ELGs) with resolved star formation from each of the four FIGS fields. Not only can one better assess the global properties of ELGs, but the EM2D method allows for the analysis and improved study of the individual emission-line region within each galaxy. This paper includes a description of the methodology, advantages, and the first results of the EM2D method applied to ELGs in FIGS. The advantage of 2D emission line measurements includes significant improvement of galaxy redshift measurements, approaching the level of accuracy seen in high-spectral-resolution data, but with greater efficiency; and the ability to identify and measure the properties of multiple sites of star formation and over scales of ∼1 kpc within individual galaxies out to z ∼ 4. The EM2D method also significantly improves the reliability of high-redshift (z ∼ 7) Lyα detections. Coupled with the wide field of view and high efficiency of space-based grism observations, EM2D provides a noteworthy improvement on the physical parameters that can be extracted from grism observations.

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KW - galaxies: structure

KW - methods: data analysis

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