A trio of gamma-ray burst supernovae: GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu

Z. Cano, A. De Ugarte Postigo, A. Pozanenko, Nathaniel Butler, C. C. Thöne, C. Guidorzi, T. Krühler, J. Gorosabel, P. Jakobsson, G. Leloudas, D. Malesani, J. Hjorth, A. Melandri, C. Mundell, K. Wiersema, P. D'Avanzo, S. Schulze, A. Gomboc, A. Johansson, W. ZhengD. A. Kann, F. Knust, K. Varela, C. W. Akerlof, J. Bloom, O. Burkhonov, E. Cooke, J. A. De Diego, G. Dhungana, C. Farina, F. V. Ferrante, H. A. Flewelling, O. D. Fox, J. Fynbo, N. Gehrels, L. Georgiev, J. J. González, J. Greiner, T. Güver, O. Hartoog, N. Hatch, M. Jelinek, R. Kehoe, S. Klose, E. Klunko, D. Kopač, A. Kutyrev, Y. Krugly, W. H. Lee, A. Levan, V. Linkov, A. Matkin, N. Minikulov, I. Molotov, J. X. Prochaska, M. G. Richer, C. G. Román-Zúñiga, V. Rumyantsev, R. Sánchez-Ramírez, I. Steele, N. R. Tanvir, A. Volnova, A. M. Watson, D. Xu, F. Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometry for three gamma-ray burst supernovae (GRB-SNe): GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu. For GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, we also present optical spectroscopy at t - t0 = 16.1 d, which covers rest-frame 3000-6250 Å. Based on Fe ii λ5169 and Si ii λ6355, our spectrum indicates an unusually low expansion velocity of ~4000-6350 km s-1, the lowest ever measured for a GRB-SN. Additionally, we determined the brightness and shape of each accompanying SN relative to a template supernova (SN 1998bw), which were used to estimate the amount of nickel produced via nucleosynthesis during each explosion. We find that our derived nickel masses are typical of other GRB-SNe, and greater than those of SNe Ibc that are not associated with GRBs. For GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu, we used our well-sampled R-band light curve (LC) to estimate the amount of ejecta mass and the kinetic energy of the SN, finding that these too are similar to other GRB-SNe. For GRB 130215A, we took advantage of contemporaneous optical/NIR observations to construct an optical/NIR bolometric LC of the afterglow. We fit the bolometric LC with the millisecond magnetar model of Zhang & Mészáros (2001, ApJ, 552, L35), which considers dipole radiation as a source of energy injection to the forward shock powering the optical/NIR afterglow. Using this model we derive an initial spin period of P = 12 ms and a magnetic field of B = 1.1 × 1015 G, which are commensurate with those found for proposed magnetar central engines of other long-duration GRBs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA19
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume568
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

gamma ray bursts
light curve
supernovae
magnetars
near infrared
afterglows
nickel
infrared photometry
ejecta
estimates
nuclear fusion
engines
explosions
brightness
templates
kinetic energy
shock
injection
dipoles
explosion

Keywords

  • Gamma-ray burst: general
  • Gamma-ray burst: individual: SN 2013ez
  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2013fu

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

A trio of gamma-ray burst supernovae : GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu. / Cano, Z.; De Ugarte Postigo, A.; Pozanenko, A.; Butler, Nathaniel; Thöne, C. C.; Guidorzi, C.; Krühler, T.; Gorosabel, J.; Jakobsson, P.; Leloudas, G.; Malesani, D.; Hjorth, J.; Melandri, A.; Mundell, C.; Wiersema, K.; D'Avanzo, P.; Schulze, S.; Gomboc, A.; Johansson, A.; Zheng, W.; Kann, D. A.; Knust, F.; Varela, K.; Akerlof, C. W.; Bloom, J.; Burkhonov, O.; Cooke, E.; De Diego, J. A.; Dhungana, G.; Farina, C.; Ferrante, F. V.; Flewelling, H. A.; Fox, O. D.; Fynbo, J.; Gehrels, N.; Georgiev, L.; González, J. J.; Greiner, J.; Güver, T.; Hartoog, O.; Hatch, N.; Jelinek, M.; Kehoe, R.; Klose, S.; Klunko, E.; Kopač, D.; Kutyrev, A.; Krugly, Y.; Lee, W. H.; Levan, A.; Linkov, V.; Matkin, A.; Minikulov, N.; Molotov, I.; Prochaska, J. X.; Richer, M. G.; Román-Zúñiga, C. G.; Rumyantsev, V.; Sánchez-Ramírez, R.; Steele, I.; Tanvir, N. R.; Volnova, A.; Watson, A. M.; Xu, D.; Yuan, F.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 568, A19, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cano, Z, De Ugarte Postigo, A, Pozanenko, A, Butler, N, Thöne, CC, Guidorzi, C, Krühler, T, Gorosabel, J, Jakobsson, P, Leloudas, G, Malesani, D, Hjorth, J, Melandri, A, Mundell, C, Wiersema, K, D'Avanzo, P, Schulze, S, Gomboc, A, Johansson, A, Zheng, W, Kann, DA, Knust, F, Varela, K, Akerlof, CW, Bloom, J, Burkhonov, O, Cooke, E, De Diego, JA, Dhungana, G, Farina, C, Ferrante, FV, Flewelling, HA, Fox, OD, Fynbo, J, Gehrels, N, Georgiev, L, González, JJ, Greiner, J, Güver, T, Hartoog, O, Hatch, N, Jelinek, M, Kehoe, R, Klose, S, Klunko, E, Kopač, D, Kutyrev, A, Krugly, Y, Lee, WH, Levan, A, Linkov, V, Matkin, A, Minikulov, N, Molotov, I, Prochaska, JX, Richer, MG, Román-Zúñiga, CG, Rumyantsev, V, Sánchez-Ramírez, R, Steele, I, Tanvir, NR, Volnova, A, Watson, AM, Xu, D & Yuan, F 2014, 'A trio of gamma-ray burst supernovae: GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 568, A19. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201423920
Cano, Z. ; De Ugarte Postigo, A. ; Pozanenko, A. ; Butler, Nathaniel ; Thöne, C. C. ; Guidorzi, C. ; Krühler, T. ; Gorosabel, J. ; Jakobsson, P. ; Leloudas, G. ; Malesani, D. ; Hjorth, J. ; Melandri, A. ; Mundell, C. ; Wiersema, K. ; D'Avanzo, P. ; Schulze, S. ; Gomboc, A. ; Johansson, A. ; Zheng, W. ; Kann, D. A. ; Knust, F. ; Varela, K. ; Akerlof, C. W. ; Bloom, J. ; Burkhonov, O. ; Cooke, E. ; De Diego, J. A. ; Dhungana, G. ; Farina, C. ; Ferrante, F. V. ; Flewelling, H. A. ; Fox, O. D. ; Fynbo, J. ; Gehrels, N. ; Georgiev, L. ; González, J. J. ; Greiner, J. ; Güver, T. ; Hartoog, O. ; Hatch, N. ; Jelinek, M. ; Kehoe, R. ; Klose, S. ; Klunko, E. ; Kopač, D. ; Kutyrev, A. ; Krugly, Y. ; Lee, W. H. ; Levan, A. ; Linkov, V. ; Matkin, A. ; Minikulov, N. ; Molotov, I. ; Prochaska, J. X. ; Richer, M. G. ; Román-Zúñiga, C. G. ; Rumyantsev, V. ; Sánchez-Ramírez, R. ; Steele, I. ; Tanvir, N. R. ; Volnova, A. ; Watson, A. M. ; Xu, D. ; Yuan, F. / A trio of gamma-ray burst supernovae : GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2014 ; Vol. 568.
@article{71251c407e234d33acea1e19a798eb2b,
title = "A trio of gamma-ray burst supernovae: GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu",
abstract = "We present optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometry for three gamma-ray burst supernovae (GRB-SNe): GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu. For GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, we also present optical spectroscopy at t - t0 = 16.1 d, which covers rest-frame 3000-6250 {\AA}. Based on Fe ii λ5169 and Si ii λ6355, our spectrum indicates an unusually low expansion velocity of ~4000-6350 km s-1, the lowest ever measured for a GRB-SN. Additionally, we determined the brightness and shape of each accompanying SN relative to a template supernova (SN 1998bw), which were used to estimate the amount of nickel produced via nucleosynthesis during each explosion. We find that our derived nickel masses are typical of other GRB-SNe, and greater than those of SNe Ibc that are not associated with GRBs. For GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu, we used our well-sampled R-band light curve (LC) to estimate the amount of ejecta mass and the kinetic energy of the SN, finding that these too are similar to other GRB-SNe. For GRB 130215A, we took advantage of contemporaneous optical/NIR observations to construct an optical/NIR bolometric LC of the afterglow. We fit the bolometric LC with the millisecond magnetar model of Zhang & M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros (2001, ApJ, 552, L35), which considers dipole radiation as a source of energy injection to the forward shock powering the optical/NIR afterglow. Using this model we derive an initial spin period of P = 12 ms and a magnetic field of B = 1.1 × 1015 G, which are commensurate with those found for proposed magnetar central engines of other long-duration GRBs.",
keywords = "Gamma-ray burst: general, Gamma-ray burst: individual: SN 2013ez, Supernovae: general, Supernovae: individual: SN 2013fu",
author = "Z. Cano and {De Ugarte Postigo}, A. and A. Pozanenko and Nathaniel Butler and Th{\"o}ne, {C. C.} and C. Guidorzi and T. Kr{\"u}hler and J. Gorosabel and P. Jakobsson and G. Leloudas and D. Malesani and J. Hjorth and A. Melandri and C. Mundell and K. Wiersema and P. D'Avanzo and S. Schulze and A. Gomboc and A. Johansson and W. Zheng and Kann, {D. A.} and F. Knust and K. Varela and Akerlof, {C. W.} and J. Bloom and O. Burkhonov and E. Cooke and {De Diego}, {J. A.} and G. Dhungana and C. Farina and Ferrante, {F. V.} and Flewelling, {H. A.} and Fox, {O. D.} and J. Fynbo and N. Gehrels and L. Georgiev and Gonz{\'a}lez, {J. J.} and J. Greiner and T. G{\"u}ver and O. Hartoog and N. Hatch and M. Jelinek and R. Kehoe and S. Klose and E. Klunko and D. Kopač and A. Kutyrev and Y. Krugly and Lee, {W. H.} and A. Levan and V. Linkov and A. Matkin and N. Minikulov and I. Molotov and Prochaska, {J. X.} and Richer, {M. G.} and Rom{\'a}n-Z{\'u}{\~n}iga, {C. G.} and V. Rumyantsev and R. S{\'a}nchez-Ram{\'i}rez and I. Steele and Tanvir, {N. R.} and A. Volnova and Watson, {A. M.} and D. Xu and F. Yuan",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201423920",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "568",
journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
issn = "0004-6361",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A trio of gamma-ray burst supernovae

T2 - GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu

AU - Cano, Z.

AU - De Ugarte Postigo, A.

AU - Pozanenko, A.

AU - Butler, Nathaniel

AU - Thöne, C. C.

AU - Guidorzi, C.

AU - Krühler, T.

AU - Gorosabel, J.

AU - Jakobsson, P.

AU - Leloudas, G.

AU - Malesani, D.

AU - Hjorth, J.

AU - Melandri, A.

AU - Mundell, C.

AU - Wiersema, K.

AU - D'Avanzo, P.

AU - Schulze, S.

AU - Gomboc, A.

AU - Johansson, A.

AU - Zheng, W.

AU - Kann, D. A.

AU - Knust, F.

AU - Varela, K.

AU - Akerlof, C. W.

AU - Bloom, J.

AU - Burkhonov, O.

AU - Cooke, E.

AU - De Diego, J. A.

AU - Dhungana, G.

AU - Farina, C.

AU - Ferrante, F. V.

AU - Flewelling, H. A.

AU - Fox, O. D.

AU - Fynbo, J.

AU - Gehrels, N.

AU - Georgiev, L.

AU - González, J. J.

AU - Greiner, J.

AU - Güver, T.

AU - Hartoog, O.

AU - Hatch, N.

AU - Jelinek, M.

AU - Kehoe, R.

AU - Klose, S.

AU - Klunko, E.

AU - Kopač, D.

AU - Kutyrev, A.

AU - Krugly, Y.

AU - Lee, W. H.

AU - Levan, A.

AU - Linkov, V.

AU - Matkin, A.

AU - Minikulov, N.

AU - Molotov, I.

AU - Prochaska, J. X.

AU - Richer, M. G.

AU - Román-Zúñiga, C. G.

AU - Rumyantsev, V.

AU - Sánchez-Ramírez, R.

AU - Steele, I.

AU - Tanvir, N. R.

AU - Volnova, A.

AU - Watson, A. M.

AU - Xu, D.

AU - Yuan, F.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - We present optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometry for three gamma-ray burst supernovae (GRB-SNe): GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu. For GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, we also present optical spectroscopy at t - t0 = 16.1 d, which covers rest-frame 3000-6250 Å. Based on Fe ii λ5169 and Si ii λ6355, our spectrum indicates an unusually low expansion velocity of ~4000-6350 km s-1, the lowest ever measured for a GRB-SN. Additionally, we determined the brightness and shape of each accompanying SN relative to a template supernova (SN 1998bw), which were used to estimate the amount of nickel produced via nucleosynthesis during each explosion. We find that our derived nickel masses are typical of other GRB-SNe, and greater than those of SNe Ibc that are not associated with GRBs. For GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu, we used our well-sampled R-band light curve (LC) to estimate the amount of ejecta mass and the kinetic energy of the SN, finding that these too are similar to other GRB-SNe. For GRB 130215A, we took advantage of contemporaneous optical/NIR observations to construct an optical/NIR bolometric LC of the afterglow. We fit the bolometric LC with the millisecond magnetar model of Zhang & Mészáros (2001, ApJ, 552, L35), which considers dipole radiation as a source of energy injection to the forward shock powering the optical/NIR afterglow. Using this model we derive an initial spin period of P = 12 ms and a magnetic field of B = 1.1 × 1015 G, which are commensurate with those found for proposed magnetar central engines of other long-duration GRBs.

AB - We present optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometry for three gamma-ray burst supernovae (GRB-SNe): GRB 120729A, GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, and GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu. For GRB 130215A/SN 2013ez, we also present optical spectroscopy at t - t0 = 16.1 d, which covers rest-frame 3000-6250 Å. Based on Fe ii λ5169 and Si ii λ6355, our spectrum indicates an unusually low expansion velocity of ~4000-6350 km s-1, the lowest ever measured for a GRB-SN. Additionally, we determined the brightness and shape of each accompanying SN relative to a template supernova (SN 1998bw), which were used to estimate the amount of nickel produced via nucleosynthesis during each explosion. We find that our derived nickel masses are typical of other GRB-SNe, and greater than those of SNe Ibc that are not associated with GRBs. For GRB 130831A/SN 2013fu, we used our well-sampled R-band light curve (LC) to estimate the amount of ejecta mass and the kinetic energy of the SN, finding that these too are similar to other GRB-SNe. For GRB 130215A, we took advantage of contemporaneous optical/NIR observations to construct an optical/NIR bolometric LC of the afterglow. We fit the bolometric LC with the millisecond magnetar model of Zhang & Mészáros (2001, ApJ, 552, L35), which considers dipole radiation as a source of energy injection to the forward shock powering the optical/NIR afterglow. Using this model we derive an initial spin period of P = 12 ms and a magnetic field of B = 1.1 × 1015 G, which are commensurate with those found for proposed magnetar central engines of other long-duration GRBs.

KW - Gamma-ray burst: general

KW - Gamma-ray burst: individual: SN 2013ez

KW - Supernovae: general

KW - Supernovae: individual: SN 2013fu

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JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

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