A study of the deep water renewal in the European polar seas (Norwegian Sea, Greenland Sea and Eurasian Basin) based on the distribution of tritium (3H), 3He, chlorofluoromethane (F-11 = CCL3F), salinity and potential temperature is presented. Four different versions of a kinematic box model calibrated with the tracer data yield production rates and turnover times due to deep convection for Greenland Sea Deep Water (0.47-0.59 Sv, 27-34 y) and Eurasian Basin Deep Water (0.97-1.07 Sv, 83-92 y). Model calculations with different deep advective flow patterns (exchange at equal rates between each of the deep water masses or an internal circuit Eurasian Basin-Greenland Sea-Norwegian Sea-Eurasian Basin) give estimates of the deep horizontal transports, resulting in a turnover time of 13-16 years for Norwegian Sea Deep Water. The total turnover times (convection and deep advection) of the Greenland Sea and the Eurasian Basin are estimated to about 10 and 50 years, respectively. Mean hydrographic characteristics of the source water for Greenland Sea Deep Water and Eurasian Basin Deep Water are estimated from minimization of the deviations between modelled and observed hydrographic deep water values. The fractions of surface waters and intermediate waters making up the deep water of the Greenland Sea are estimated to about 80 and 20%, respectively.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||29|
|Journal||Deep Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers|
|State||Published - Sep 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)