Enthalpies of solution in molten 2PbO · B2O3 at 985 K are reported for series of glasses xCa0.5AlO2-(1-x)SiO2 (O ≤ x ≤ 0.99) and xNaAlO2-(1-x)SiO2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.56). The data are compared to values for the corresponding crystalline aluminosilicates and to preliminary data for systems containing KAlO2 and Mg0.5AlO2. The enthalpies of mixing of glasses become more exothermic with increasing basicity of the mono- or divalent oxide. The tendency toward immiscibility on the silica-rich side, indicated by the shape of the heat of mixing curve between x = 0 and x = 0.4, is pronounced in the calcium aluminate system, but not in the sodium aluminate system. The shape of the heat of mixing curve, which is roughly symmetrical about x = 0.5, can be rationalized in terms of glass structure by considering essentially random substitution of Si and Al on a continuous three dimensional tetrahedral framework, with stabilization arising from electrostatic interactions between aluminum and the nonframework cation balancing the destabilizing effects arising from perturbation of the aluminosilicate framework by the nonframework cation. These trends are consistent with the variation of physical properties of aluminosilicate melts.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology