A Systematic Review of the Evidence Base for Active Supervision in PK–12 Settings

Grant Edmund Allen, Eric Alan Common, Kathryn A. Germer, Kathleen Lynne Lane, Mark Matthew Buckman, Wendy Oakes, Holly Mariah Menzies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Active supervision is a proactive, low-intensity strategy to minimize challenging behaviors and increase desired behaviors. To examine the evidence base of this strategy, we applied the Council for Exceptional Children’s (CEC) Standards for Evidence-Based Practices in Special Education to the body of research exploring the impact of active supervision with PK–12 students in traditional school settings. In this systematic literature review, we identified seven peer-reviewed, single-case design, treatment-outcome studies meeting inclusion criteria. All studies met a ≥80% weighted criterion of CEC’s quality indicators. These seven studies included 15 cases aggregated at the school, classroom, or grade level, collectively involving 1,686 participants. Three studies included three or more cases and demonstrated positive effects across primary dependent variables (with one study showing neutral effects on a secondary dependent variable). Based on available evidence and using CEC criteria, we determined active supervision to be a potentially evidence-based practice. We discuss implications, limitations, and future directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBehavioral Disorders
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

supervision
Evidence-Based Practice
evidence
Special Education
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
special education
school
Students
school grade
inclusion
Research
classroom
student
Direction compound

Keywords

  • active supervision
  • evidence-based practices
  • low-intensity strategies
  • methodological quality appraisal
  • positive behavior interventions and supports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

A Systematic Review of the Evidence Base for Active Supervision in PK–12 Settings. / Allen, Grant Edmund; Common, Eric Alan; Germer, Kathryn A.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Buckman, Mark Matthew; Oakes, Wendy; Menzies, Holly Mariah.

In: Behavioral Disorders, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allen, Grant Edmund ; Common, Eric Alan ; Germer, Kathryn A. ; Lane, Kathleen Lynne ; Buckman, Mark Matthew ; Oakes, Wendy ; Menzies, Holly Mariah. / A Systematic Review of the Evidence Base for Active Supervision in PK–12 Settings. In: Behavioral Disorders. 2019.
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