A Systematic Community-Based Participatory Approach to Refining an Evidence-Based Community-Level Intervention: The HOLA Intervention for Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men

Scott D. Rhodes, Jason Daniel, Jorge Alonzo, Stacy Duck, Manuel García, Mario Downs, Kenneth C. Hergenrather, José Alegría-Ortega, Cindy Miller, Alex Boeving Allen, Paul A. Gilbert, Flavio Marsiglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Our community-based participatory research partnership engaged in a multistep process to refine a culturally congruent intervention that builds on existing community strengths to promote sexual health among immigrant Latino men who have sex with men (MSM). The steps were the following: (1) increase Latino MSM participation in the existing partnership, (2) establish an Intervention Team, (3) review the existing sexual health literature, (4) explore needs and priorities of Latino MSM, (5) narrow priorities based on what is important and changeable, (6) blend health behavior theory with Latino MSM's lived experiences, (7) design an intervention conceptual model, (8) develop training modules and (9) resource materials, and (10) pretest and (11) revise the intervention. The developed intervention contains four modules to train Latino MSM to serve as lay health advisors known as Navegantes. These modules synthesize locally collected data with other local and national data; blend health behavior theory, the lived experiences, and cultural values of immigrant Latino MSM; and harness the informal social support Latino MSM provide one another. This community-level intervention is designed to meet the expressed sexual health priorities of Latino MSM. It frames disease prevention within sexual health promotion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-616
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Promotion Practice
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013



  • behavior change
  • community intervention
  • community-based participatory research
  • health disparities
  • health promotion
  • health research
  • Latino
  • lay health advisors/community health workers
  • LGBT
  • minority health
  • sexual health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

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