A 15N-poor isotopic composition for the solar system as shown by genesis solar wind samples

B. Marty, M. Chaussidon, R. C. Wiens, Amy Jurewicz, D. S. Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Genesis mission sampled solar wind ions to document the elemental and isotopic compositions of the Sun and, by inference, of the protosolar nebula. Nitrogen was a key target element because the extent and origin of its isotopic variations in solar system materials remain unknown. Isotopic analysis of a Genesis Solar Wind Concentrator target material shows that implanted solar wind nitrogen has a 15N/14N ratio of 2.18 ± 0.02 × 10-3 (that is, ≈40% poorer in 15N relative to terrestrial atmosphere). The 15N/14N ratio of the protosolar nebula was 2.27 ± 0.03 × 10-3, which is the lowest 15N/14N ratio known for solar system objects. This result demonstrates the extreme nitrogen isotopic heterogeneity of the nascent solar system and accounts for the 15N-depleted components observed in solar system reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1533-1536
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume332
Issue number6037
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2011

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Solar System
Nitrogen
Atmosphere
Ions

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A 15N-poor isotopic composition for the solar system as shown by genesis solar wind samples. / Marty, B.; Chaussidon, M.; Wiens, R. C.; Jurewicz, Amy; Burnett, D. S.

In: Science, Vol. 332, No. 6037, 24.06.2011, p. 1533-1536.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Marty, B. ; Chaussidon, M. ; Wiens, R. C. ; Jurewicz, Amy ; Burnett, D. S. / A 15N-poor isotopic composition for the solar system as shown by genesis solar wind samples. In: Science. 2011 ; Vol. 332, No. 6037. pp. 1533-1536.
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AU - Burnett, D. S.

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