A structured population model and a related functional differential equation: Global attractors and uniform persistence

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Abstract

A structured population model of a single population having two distinct life stages is considered. The model equations, consisting of a hyperbolic partial differential equation coupled to an ordinary differential equation, can be reduced to a single, scalar functional differential equation. This allows us to use the well-developed dynamical systems theory for functional differential equations in order to study the dynamical system generated by the more complicated coupled system. A precise relation is established between the dynamical systems generated by each system of equations and a correspondence between their respective global attractors is made. The two systems are topologically equivalent on their respective attractors. These relationships are used to determine sharp sufficient conditions for the uniform persistence of the population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-99
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1994

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Keywords

  • functional differential equation
  • global attractors
  • Structured population model
  • uniform persistence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory

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