Abstract: Developing highly efficient heterogeneous catalysts for cycloaddition of CO2 and epoxides to produce cyclic carbonates is promising but challenging. In this work, a novel three-dimensional metal organic framework (MOF) with cylinder pore systems and unsaturated Zn sites has been demonstrated as potent candidate in CO2 fixation at mild and solvent-free conditions. The Zn(atz)(bdc)0.5, where atz = aminotriazole and H2bdc = terephthalic, exhibits microporous nature that can regulate the catalytic interaction of active centers and substrates. The structure stability has been systematically investigated and proven to be sufficient for practical application. Furthermore, the cooperative effects of porosity, CO2 binding affinity, activation centers, and synergism with co-catalyst have been deeply investigated. Moreover, high propylene epoxide conversion (97%) and selectivity (> 99%) have been achieved at mild conditions (60 °C and 1 MPa) with excellent cycle stability. Owing to the well-defined pore system, an obvious substrates selectivity has been clearly observed. A possible catalytic mechanism has been proposed and verified by DFT calculations. Furthermore, the prepared Zn-MOF can also be used as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the reaction of epoxides with alcohols to produce β-alkoxy alcohol. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - May 1 2020|
- CO conversion
- Metal organic frameworks
ASJC Scopus subject areas