A simple test for convergence of metropolitan income in the United States

Matthew P. Drennan, Jose Lobo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalent test for income convergence used in many recent studies of convergence across spatial economic units in the United States is to use a regression equation in which income growth is regressed against the initial level of income (this is known as β convergence). That method, however, has been crtiticized as an instance of Galton's fallacy of regression. We devise a simple test for the income β-convergence hypothesis which does not suffer from "Galton's fallacy" and apply it to all of the metropolitan areas of the United States for the period 1969-1995. For the test we use two income measures: per capita personal income and average wages. Our results conclusively support convergence of per capita personal income and of wage per worker for metropolitan areas in the United States. We also test for σ convergence, the hypothesis of diminishing dispersion in income among places over time, and find no support for the hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-359
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Urban Economics
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

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income
wage
metropolitan area
agglomeration area
regression
test
Income
worker
Metropolitan areas
Wages
Income convergence
Personal income
economics
Convergence hypothesis
Income growth
Workers
Spatial economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Urban Studies

Cite this

A simple test for convergence of metropolitan income in the United States. / Drennan, Matthew P.; Lobo, Jose.

In: Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 46, No. 3, 01.01.1999, p. 350-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Drennan, Matthew P. ; Lobo, Jose. / A simple test for convergence of metropolitan income in the United States. In: Journal of Urban Economics. 1999 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 350-359.
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