A Sensitivity Analysis of Egocentric Measures of Peer Delinquency to Latent Homophily

A Research Note

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Egocentric measures of peer delinquency, obtained through a census of a social network, have become the preferred operationalization for examining the relationships between social influence and delinquency. Studies regressing ego's delinquency on the delinquency of nominated friend/s (i.e. alter/s) conclude that a statistically significant coefficient provides evidence of social influence. However, the inferences drawn from these studies may be biased by the introduction of artificial statistical dependence as a consequence of using social network data in a regression framework. Recent work (Shalizi and Thomas Sociol Methods Res 40:211-239, 2011) shows that latent homophily, or unmeasured confounding of observables, may lead to nonzero estimates of social influence, even if there is no causal significance. To examine this possibility, sensitivity analyses have been created (e.g. VanderWeele and Arah Epidemiology 22:42-52, 2011; VanderWeele Sociol Methods Res 40:240-255, 2011) to determine the robustness of an estimated coefficient to latent homophily.Methods: In this research note, I examine the robustness of estimates for social influence from two articles (Haynie Am J Sociol 106:1013-1057, 2001; Meldrum et al. J Res Crime Delinq 46:353-376, 2009) using egocentric measures of peer delinquency.Results: Findings indicate that for large, precise point estimates, highly improbable conditions are needed to explain away the effects of social influence. However, less precise point estimates (i.e. large standard errors) are more sensitive to latent homophily.Conclusions: The analyses indicate that studies using egocentric measures should conduct sensitivity tests, particularly when the estimated effect is weak and/or has a relatively large standard error. Scripts written in the free programming language R (R Core Team R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, 2012) are provided for researchers to conduct such analyses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-387
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Quantitative Criminology
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Mathematical Computing
delinquency
Social Support
Research
Programming Languages
Ego
Censuses
Crime
social network
Epidemiology
Language
Research Personnel
programming language
operationalization
Vienna
epidemiology
census
offense
regression
language

Keywords

  • Egocentric
  • Peer influence
  • Sensitivity
  • Social networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

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title = "A Sensitivity Analysis of Egocentric Measures of Peer Delinquency to Latent Homophily: A Research Note",
abstract = "Objectives: Egocentric measures of peer delinquency, obtained through a census of a social network, have become the preferred operationalization for examining the relationships between social influence and delinquency. Studies regressing ego's delinquency on the delinquency of nominated friend/s (i.e. alter/s) conclude that a statistically significant coefficient provides evidence of social influence. However, the inferences drawn from these studies may be biased by the introduction of artificial statistical dependence as a consequence of using social network data in a regression framework. Recent work (Shalizi and Thomas Sociol Methods Res 40:211-239, 2011) shows that latent homophily, or unmeasured confounding of observables, may lead to nonzero estimates of social influence, even if there is no causal significance. To examine this possibility, sensitivity analyses have been created (e.g. VanderWeele and Arah Epidemiology 22:42-52, 2011; VanderWeele Sociol Methods Res 40:240-255, 2011) to determine the robustness of an estimated coefficient to latent homophily.Methods: In this research note, I examine the robustness of estimates for social influence from two articles (Haynie Am J Sociol 106:1013-1057, 2001; Meldrum et al. J Res Crime Delinq 46:353-376, 2009) using egocentric measures of peer delinquency.Results: Findings indicate that for large, precise point estimates, highly improbable conditions are needed to explain away the effects of social influence. However, less precise point estimates (i.e. large standard errors) are more sensitive to latent homophily.Conclusions: The analyses indicate that studies using egocentric measures should conduct sensitivity tests, particularly when the estimated effect is weak and/or has a relatively large standard error. Scripts written in the free programming language R (R Core Team R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, 2012) are provided for researchers to conduct such analyses.",
keywords = "Egocentric, Peer influence, Sensitivity, Social networks",
author = "Jacob Young",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s10940-013-9207-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "373--387",
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