A self-compensating built-in self-test solution for RF phased array mismatch

Jae Woong Jeong, Jennifer Kitchen, Sule Ozev

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Scopus citations


An RF Phased array can steer the direction of the beam electronically and it brings about benefits in terms of signal to noise ratio (SNR) and directivity. However, testing the phased array generally requires expensive and high performance RF equipment. This increases production test cost and hampers in-field calibration. We present a low-cost, self-compensating Built-In Self-test (BIST) and calibration solution for RF phased arrays. In our proposed method, we apply a sinusoidal test signal with unknown amplitude to the inputs of two adjacent phased array elements and measure the baseband output signal after down-conversion. Mathematical modeling of the circuit impairments and phased array behavior indicates that by using two distinct input amplitudes, both of which can remain unknown, it is possible to measure the important parameters of the phased array, such as gain and phase mismatch. The BIST circuits are designed and post layout simulations are performed with within-die and die-to-die process variations. Simulations confirm that the BIST circuit provides very accurate results without having to know sinusoidal signal amplitudes or the relation between them. Furthermore, a prototype four-element phased-array PCB was designed and fabricated for verifying our proposed method. With the proposed method, the phase difference between elements can be measured and calibrated with less than 1°error, which would allow for self-monitoring in 6-bit phased array applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Test Conference 2015, ITC 2015 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781467365789
StatePublished - Nov 30 2015
Event46th IEEE International Test Conference, ITC 2015 - Anaheim, United States
Duration: Oct 6 2015Oct 8 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Test Conference
ISSN (Print)1089-3539


Other46th IEEE International Test Conference, ITC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'A self-compensating built-in self-test solution for RF phased array mismatch'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this