A search for star-planet interactions in the υ Andromedae system at X-ray and optical wavelengths

K. Poppenhaeger, L. F. Lenz, A. Reiners, J. H M M Schmitt, Evgenya Shkolnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. Close-in, giant planets are expected to influence their host stars via tidal or magnetic interaction. But are these effects in X-rays strong enough in suitable targets known so far to be observed with today's instrumentation? Aims. The υ And system, an F8V star with a Hot Jupiter, was observed to undergo cyclic changes in chromospheric activity indicators with its innermost planet's period. We aim to investigate the stellar chromospheric and coronal activity over several months. Methods. We therefore monitored the star in X-rays as well as at optical wavelengths to test coronal and chromospheric activity indicators for planet-induced variability, making use of the Chandra X-ray Observatory as well as the echelle spectrographs FOCES and HRS at Calar Alto (Spain) and the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (Texas, US). Results. The stellar activity level is low, as seen both in X-rays as in Ca†‰ ii line fluxes; the chromospheric data show variability with the stellar rotation period. We do not find activity variations in X-rays or in the optical that can be traced back to the planet. Conclusions. Gaining observational evidence of star-planet interactions in X-rays remains challenging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA58
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume528
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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planets
planet
wavelength
stars
wavelengths
x rays
interactions
stellar activity
stellar rotation
Spain
Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter
spectrographs
instrumentation
observatories
observatory
telescopes
indicator

Keywords

  • planet-star interactions
  • stars: activity
  • stars: chromospheres
  • stars: coronae
  • X-rays: individuals: υ Andromedae
  • X-rays: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

A search for star-planet interactions in the υ Andromedae system at X-ray and optical wavelengths. / Poppenhaeger, K.; Lenz, L. F.; Reiners, A.; Schmitt, J. H M M; Shkolnik, Evgenya.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 528, A58, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Poppenhaeger, K.

AU - Lenz, L. F.

AU - Reiners, A.

AU - Schmitt, J. H M M

AU - Shkolnik, Evgenya

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N2 - Context. Close-in, giant planets are expected to influence their host stars via tidal or magnetic interaction. But are these effects in X-rays strong enough in suitable targets known so far to be observed with today's instrumentation? Aims. The υ And system, an F8V star with a Hot Jupiter, was observed to undergo cyclic changes in chromospheric activity indicators with its innermost planet's period. We aim to investigate the stellar chromospheric and coronal activity over several months. Methods. We therefore monitored the star in X-rays as well as at optical wavelengths to test coronal and chromospheric activity indicators for planet-induced variability, making use of the Chandra X-ray Observatory as well as the echelle spectrographs FOCES and HRS at Calar Alto (Spain) and the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (Texas, US). Results. The stellar activity level is low, as seen both in X-rays as in Ca†‰ ii line fluxes; the chromospheric data show variability with the stellar rotation period. We do not find activity variations in X-rays or in the optical that can be traced back to the planet. Conclusions. Gaining observational evidence of star-planet interactions in X-rays remains challenging.

AB - Context. Close-in, giant planets are expected to influence their host stars via tidal or magnetic interaction. But are these effects in X-rays strong enough in suitable targets known so far to be observed with today's instrumentation? Aims. The υ And system, an F8V star with a Hot Jupiter, was observed to undergo cyclic changes in chromospheric activity indicators with its innermost planet's period. We aim to investigate the stellar chromospheric and coronal activity over several months. Methods. We therefore monitored the star in X-rays as well as at optical wavelengths to test coronal and chromospheric activity indicators for planet-induced variability, making use of the Chandra X-ray Observatory as well as the echelle spectrographs FOCES and HRS at Calar Alto (Spain) and the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (Texas, US). Results. The stellar activity level is low, as seen both in X-rays as in Ca†‰ ii line fluxes; the chromospheric data show variability with the stellar rotation period. We do not find activity variations in X-rays or in the optical that can be traced back to the planet. Conclusions. Gaining observational evidence of star-planet interactions in X-rays remains challenging.

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KW - stars: activity

KW - stars: chromospheres

KW - stars: coronae

KW - X-rays: individuals: υ Andromedae

KW - X-rays: stars

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