A SEARCH for FAST RADIO BURSTS at LOW FREQUENCIES with MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY HIGH TIME RESOLUTION IMAGING

S. J. Tingay, C. M. Trott, R. B. Wayth, G. Bernardi, Judd Bowman, F. Briggs, R. J. Cappallo, A. A. Deshpande, L. Feng, B. M. Gaensler, L. J. Greenhill, P. J. Hancock, B. J. Hazelton, M. Johnston-Hollitt, D. L. Kaplan, C. J. Lonsdale, S. R. McWhirter, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, E. MorganT. Murphy, D. Oberoi, T. Prabu, N. Udaya Shankar, K. S. Srivani, R. Subrahmanyan, R. L. Webster, A. Williams, C. L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present the results of a pilot study search for fast radio bursts (FRBs) using the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) at low frequencies (139-170 MHz). We utilized MWA data obtained in a routine imaging mode from observations where the primary target was a field being studied for Epoch of Reionization detection. We formed images with 2 s time resolution and 1.28 MHz frequency resolution for 10.5 hr of observations, over 400 square degrees of the sky. We de-dispersed the dynamic spectrum in each of 372,100 resolution elements of 2 ×2 arcmin2, between dispersion measures of 170 and 675 pc cm-3. Based on the event rate calculations in Trott et al., which assume a standard candle luminosity of 8 ×1037 Js-1, we predict that with this choice of observational parameters, the MWA should detect (∼10, ∼2, ∼0) FRBs with spectral indices corresponding to (-2, -1, 0), based on a 7σ detection threshold. We find no FRB candidates above this threshold from our search, placing an event rate limit of above 700 Jy ms per day per sky and providing evidence against spectral indices (). We compare our event rate and spectral index limits with others from the literature. We briefly discuss these limits in light of recent suggestions that supergiant pulses from young neutron stars could explain FRBs. We find that such supergiant pulses would have to have much flatter spectra between 150 and 1400 MHz than have been observed from Crab giant pulses to be consistent with the FRB spectral index limit we derive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number199
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume150
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

radio bursts
radio
sky
pulses
crabs
thresholds
neutron stars
suggestion
crab
luminosity
time measurement
low frequencies
index
rate

Keywords

  • instrumentation: interferometers
  • ISM: structure
  • methods: observational
  • radio continuum: general
  • techniques: image processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

A SEARCH for FAST RADIO BURSTS at LOW FREQUENCIES with MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY HIGH TIME RESOLUTION IMAGING. / Tingay, S. J.; Trott, C. M.; Wayth, R. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bowman, Judd; Briggs, F.; Cappallo, R. J.; Deshpande, A. A.; Feng, L.; Gaensler, B. M.; Greenhill, L. J.; Hancock, P. J.; Hazelton, B. J.; Johnston-Hollitt, M.; Kaplan, D. L.; Lonsdale, C. J.; McWhirter, S. R.; Mitchell, D. A.; Morales, M. F.; Morgan, E.; Murphy, T.; Oberoi, D.; Prabu, T.; Shankar, N. Udaya; Srivani, K. S.; Subrahmanyan, R.; Webster, R. L.; Williams, A.; Williams, C. L.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 150, No. 6, 199, 01.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tingay, SJ, Trott, CM, Wayth, RB, Bernardi, G, Bowman, J, Briggs, F, Cappallo, RJ, Deshpande, AA, Feng, L, Gaensler, BM, Greenhill, LJ, Hancock, PJ, Hazelton, BJ, Johnston-Hollitt, M, Kaplan, DL, Lonsdale, CJ, McWhirter, SR, Mitchell, DA, Morales, MF, Morgan, E, Murphy, T, Oberoi, D, Prabu, T, Shankar, NU, Srivani, KS, Subrahmanyan, R, Webster, RL, Williams, A & Williams, CL 2015, 'A SEARCH for FAST RADIO BURSTS at LOW FREQUENCIES with MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY HIGH TIME RESOLUTION IMAGING', Astronomical Journal, vol. 150, no. 6, 199. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/150/6/199
Tingay, S. J. ; Trott, C. M. ; Wayth, R. B. ; Bernardi, G. ; Bowman, Judd ; Briggs, F. ; Cappallo, R. J. ; Deshpande, A. A. ; Feng, L. ; Gaensler, B. M. ; Greenhill, L. J. ; Hancock, P. J. ; Hazelton, B. J. ; Johnston-Hollitt, M. ; Kaplan, D. L. ; Lonsdale, C. J. ; McWhirter, S. R. ; Mitchell, D. A. ; Morales, M. F. ; Morgan, E. ; Murphy, T. ; Oberoi, D. ; Prabu, T. ; Shankar, N. Udaya ; Srivani, K. S. ; Subrahmanyan, R. ; Webster, R. L. ; Williams, A. ; Williams, C. L. / A SEARCH for FAST RADIO BURSTS at LOW FREQUENCIES with MURCHISON WIDEFIELD ARRAY HIGH TIME RESOLUTION IMAGING. In: Astronomical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 150, No. 6.
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abstract = "We present the results of a pilot study search for fast radio bursts (FRBs) using the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) at low frequencies (139-170 MHz). We utilized MWA data obtained in a routine imaging mode from observations where the primary target was a field being studied for Epoch of Reionization detection. We formed images with 2 s time resolution and 1.28 MHz frequency resolution for 10.5 hr of observations, over 400 square degrees of the sky. We de-dispersed the dynamic spectrum in each of 372,100 resolution elements of 2 ×2 arcmin2, between dispersion measures of 170 and 675 pc cm-3. Based on the event rate calculations in Trott et al., which assume a standard candle luminosity of 8 ×1037 Js-1, we predict that with this choice of observational parameters, the MWA should detect (∼10, ∼2, ∼0) FRBs with spectral indices corresponding to (-2, -1, 0), based on a 7σ detection threshold. We find no FRB candidates above this threshold from our search, placing an event rate limit of above 700 Jy ms per day per sky and providing evidence against spectral indices (). We compare our event rate and spectral index limits with others from the literature. We briefly discuss these limits in light of recent suggestions that supergiant pulses from young neutron stars could explain FRBs. We find that such supergiant pulses would have to have much flatter spectra between 150 and 1400 MHz than have been observed from Crab giant pulses to be consistent with the FRB spectral index limit we derive.",
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AU - Wayth, R. B.

AU - Bernardi, G.

AU - Bowman, Judd

AU - Briggs, F.

AU - Cappallo, R. J.

AU - Deshpande, A. A.

AU - Feng, L.

AU - Gaensler, B. M.

AU - Greenhill, L. J.

AU - Hancock, P. J.

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AU - Morgan, E.

AU - Murphy, T.

AU - Oberoi, D.

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AU - Shankar, N. Udaya

AU - Srivani, K. S.

AU - Subrahmanyan, R.

AU - Webster, R. L.

AU - Williams, A.

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