Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is defined as a serum sodium concentration under 135 mmol·L−1 during or within 24 h of exercise. Increasing interest in endurance events has led to a higher number of athletes presenting with this potentially life-threatening condition. EAH is largely caused by the overconsumption of hypotonic fluids leading to weight gain during exercise. The primary risk factors include the inappropriate secretion of arginine vasopressin, longer exercise duration, smaller body mass, and to smaller extent ingestion of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Accurate tracking of fluid intake and losses to prevent weight gain during exercise, sodium supplementation, and heat acclimatization may help attenuate declines in serum sodium concentration during exercise.
- Salt intake
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience