A review of elementary school-based substance use prevention programs

Identifying program attributes

S. Hopfer, D. Davis, J. A. Kam, YoungJu Shin, E. Elek, M. L. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article takes a systematic approach to reviewing substance use prevention programs introduced in elementary school (K-6th grade). Previous studies evaluating such programs among elementary school students showed mixed effects on subsequent substance use and related psychosocial factors. Thirty published evaluation studies of 24 elementary school-based substance use prevention programs were reviewed. The study selection criteria included searching for program evaluations from 1980 to 2008. Among 27 evaluation studies that examined program effects on substance use, 56% (n = 15) found significant decreases. In addition, programs most often demonstrated effects on increasing negative substance use attitudes, increasing knowledge, decreasing perceptions of prevalence rates (i.e., descriptive norms), and improving resistance skills. These results have implications for the appropriateness and value of introducing substance use prevention programs to youth in elementary school.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-36
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Drug Education
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

elementary school
Program Evaluation
Patient Selection
evaluation
Students
Psychology
psychosocial factors
student

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

A review of elementary school-based substance use prevention programs : Identifying program attributes. / Hopfer, S.; Davis, D.; Kam, J. A.; Shin, YoungJu; Elek, E.; Hecht, M. L.

In: Journal of Drug Education, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 11-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Hopfer, S. ; Davis, D. ; Kam, J. A. ; Shin, YoungJu ; Elek, E. ; Hecht, M. L. / A review of elementary school-based substance use prevention programs : Identifying program attributes. In: Journal of Drug Education. 2010 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 11-36.
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