A repeated sampling method for oil spill impact uncertainty and interpolation

J. R. Nelson, Anthony Grubesic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Deepwater Horizon disaster and other oil spill events have motivated the continued development of spill impact estimation methods and models. Spills are simulated, impacts are estimated and prescriptions are made for improving response and associated mitigation efforts. However, there is significant uncertainty in oil spill models due to the stochastic nature of the ocean and the representation of a plume as points in space. Furthermore, large scale analyses, while useful, may fail to recognize and characterize the micro- or meso-scale impacts of a spill. This paper presents an innovative application of a repeated sampling procedure to mitigate elements of uncertainty in oil spill models by capturing and characterizing where the oiling is likely to beach and providing probability estimates of the associated predictions. Specifically, we use a kriging interpolation method to model the oiled coastline as a continuous surface to better match actual oil landfall observed in reality and then use it to provide a more robust estimation of the smaller scale impacts. Through two measures of validation this work finds that the repeated sampling procedure does provide a more robust estimate of oil impact when compared to estimations from a single simulation of a spill

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-430
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

Oil spills
Hazardous materials spills
oil spill
interpolation
Interpolation
uncertainty
Sampling
sampling
oil
Beaches
estimation method
kriging
Disasters
disaster
beach
mitigation
plume
medication
method
Uncertainty

Keywords

  • BLOSOM
  • Geovisualization
  • Interpolation
  • Oil spill impact
  • Uncertainty analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Safety Research
  • Geology

Cite this

A repeated sampling method for oil spill impact uncertainty and interpolation. / Nelson, J. R.; Grubesic, Anthony.

In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 22, 01.06.2017, p. 420-430.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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