A Qualitative Examination of Familial Racial-Ethnic Socialization Experiences Among Multiracial American Emerging Adults

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This qualitative interview study investigated the types of parental racial-ethnic socialization messages received by Multiracial American youth over the course of their development. The Multiracial population in America is the largest demographic group among individuals under the age of 18 (Saulny, 2011), but there is a dearth of research about the development of this rapidly growing population. Multiracial youth are members of multiple racial-ethnic groups. Thus, racial-ethnic socialization is particularly complex for Multiracial families because parents typically have different racial backgrounds and experiences compared to their children. Interviews were conducted with 20 Multiracial emerging adult college students (Mage = 20.55; 10 male, 10 female) of diverse racial backgrounds to identify the types of parental racial-ethnic socialization messages they received growing up. Using thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006), nine themes of racial-ethnic socialization content emerged: Cultural socialization, racial identity socialization, preparation for bias socialization, colorblind socialization, race-conscious socialization, diversity appreciation socialization, negative socialization, exposure to diversity socialization, and silent socialization. This research advances the literature by (a) identifying domains of racial-ethnic socialization messages for Multiracial American families, (b) examining a diverse sample of male and female Multiracial youth, (c) differentiating monoracial versus Multiracial socialization messages, and (d) distinguishing the unique connotations of egalitarian socialization messages (e.g., colorblind, raceconscious, diversity appreciation). The findings have important implications for understanding the development of Multiracial American individuals and families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-190
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biracial
  • Multiracial
  • Qualitative
  • Racial-ethnic identity
  • Racial-ethnic socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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