A practical evaluation of surge arrester placement for transmission line lightning protection

Karthik Munukutla, Vijay Vittal, Gerald T. Heydt, Daryl Chipman, Brian Keel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of metaloxide varistor surge arresters (MOVs) in lightning protection of overhead transmission lines to improve reliability is of great interest to electric utilities. However due to economic reasons, it is not possible to completely equip an overhead transmission line with surge arresters at each transmission structure. In this paper, an evaluation of lightning protection design on a 115 kV transmission line using surge arresters, utilizing a model based on field data, is presented. The model developed is used for computer simulation using the Alternative Transients Program. Various design procedures aimed at maximizing the reliability of service on the transmission line using a minimal number of surge arresters are analyzed. Different designs considered for transmission line lightning protection using MOV arresters include: the use of a different number of surge arresters per tower, distance between towers with surge arresters and the dependence of these configurations on tower footing resistance. The lightning protection designs are analyzed using lightning flashover charts, proposed in this paper. Also, an analytical model of two 115 kV transmission lines in Southwest U.S. has been developed and different surge arrester location strategies used on these transmission lines have been analyzed. Practical experiences and effectiveness of various lightning protection designs used on these transmission lines are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5443552
Pages (from-to)1742-1748
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Fingerprint

Lightning arresters
Lightning protection
Electric lines
Towers
Varistors
Flashover
Electric utilities
Lightning
Analytical models
Economics

Keywords

  • Backflashover
  • lightning protection
  • overhead transmission lines
  • surge arrester location
  • surge arresters
  • transmission engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

A practical evaluation of surge arrester placement for transmission line lightning protection. / Munukutla, Karthik; Vittal, Vijay; Heydt, Gerald T.; Chipman, Daryl; Keel, Brian.

In: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 25, No. 3, 5443552, 07.2010, p. 1742-1748.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fef8726339d348c0a0444b1a9cef4d4e,
title = "A practical evaluation of surge arrester placement for transmission line lightning protection",
abstract = "The use of metaloxide varistor surge arresters (MOVs) in lightning protection of overhead transmission lines to improve reliability is of great interest to electric utilities. However due to economic reasons, it is not possible to completely equip an overhead transmission line with surge arresters at each transmission structure. In this paper, an evaluation of lightning protection design on a 115 kV transmission line using surge arresters, utilizing a model based on field data, is presented. The model developed is used for computer simulation using the Alternative Transients Program. Various design procedures aimed at maximizing the reliability of service on the transmission line using a minimal number of surge arresters are analyzed. Different designs considered for transmission line lightning protection using MOV arresters include: the use of a different number of surge arresters per tower, distance between towers with surge arresters and the dependence of these configurations on tower footing resistance. The lightning protection designs are analyzed using lightning flashover charts, proposed in this paper. Also, an analytical model of two 115 kV transmission lines in Southwest U.S. has been developed and different surge arrester location strategies used on these transmission lines have been analyzed. Practical experiences and effectiveness of various lightning protection designs used on these transmission lines are discussed.",
keywords = "Backflashover, lightning protection, overhead transmission lines, surge arrester location, surge arresters, transmission engineering",
author = "Karthik Munukutla and Vijay Vittal and Heydt, {Gerald T.} and Daryl Chipman and Brian Keel",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2040843",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "1742--1748",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery",
issn = "0885-8977",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A practical evaluation of surge arrester placement for transmission line lightning protection

AU - Munukutla, Karthik

AU - Vittal, Vijay

AU - Heydt, Gerald T.

AU - Chipman, Daryl

AU - Keel, Brian

PY - 2010/7

Y1 - 2010/7

N2 - The use of metaloxide varistor surge arresters (MOVs) in lightning protection of overhead transmission lines to improve reliability is of great interest to electric utilities. However due to economic reasons, it is not possible to completely equip an overhead transmission line with surge arresters at each transmission structure. In this paper, an evaluation of lightning protection design on a 115 kV transmission line using surge arresters, utilizing a model based on field data, is presented. The model developed is used for computer simulation using the Alternative Transients Program. Various design procedures aimed at maximizing the reliability of service on the transmission line using a minimal number of surge arresters are analyzed. Different designs considered for transmission line lightning protection using MOV arresters include: the use of a different number of surge arresters per tower, distance between towers with surge arresters and the dependence of these configurations on tower footing resistance. The lightning protection designs are analyzed using lightning flashover charts, proposed in this paper. Also, an analytical model of two 115 kV transmission lines in Southwest U.S. has been developed and different surge arrester location strategies used on these transmission lines have been analyzed. Practical experiences and effectiveness of various lightning protection designs used on these transmission lines are discussed.

AB - The use of metaloxide varistor surge arresters (MOVs) in lightning protection of overhead transmission lines to improve reliability is of great interest to electric utilities. However due to economic reasons, it is not possible to completely equip an overhead transmission line with surge arresters at each transmission structure. In this paper, an evaluation of lightning protection design on a 115 kV transmission line using surge arresters, utilizing a model based on field data, is presented. The model developed is used for computer simulation using the Alternative Transients Program. Various design procedures aimed at maximizing the reliability of service on the transmission line using a minimal number of surge arresters are analyzed. Different designs considered for transmission line lightning protection using MOV arresters include: the use of a different number of surge arresters per tower, distance between towers with surge arresters and the dependence of these configurations on tower footing resistance. The lightning protection designs are analyzed using lightning flashover charts, proposed in this paper. Also, an analytical model of two 115 kV transmission lines in Southwest U.S. has been developed and different surge arrester location strategies used on these transmission lines have been analyzed. Practical experiences and effectiveness of various lightning protection designs used on these transmission lines are discussed.

KW - Backflashover

KW - lightning protection

KW - overhead transmission lines

KW - surge arrester location

KW - surge arresters

KW - transmission engineering

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954032012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954032012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2040843

DO - 10.1109/TPWRD.2010.2040843

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 1742

EP - 1748

JO - IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery

JF - IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery

SN - 0885-8977

IS - 3

M1 - 5443552

ER -