A PCR-Based Retrospective Study for Beak and Feather Disease Virus (BFDV) in Five Wild Populations of Parrots from Australia, Argentina and New Zealand

Luis Ortiz-Catedral, Connor J. Wallace, Robert Heinsohn, Elizabeth A. Krebs, Naomi E. Langmore, Dusan Vukelic, Enrique H. Bucher, Arvind Varsani, Juan F. Masello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The beak and feather disease virus (family Circovirdae) is a virus of concern in the conservation of wild Psittaciformes globally. We conducted a PCR screening for the beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) using samples collected during previous field studies (1993–2014) in five populations of parrots of the Southern Hemisphere: Eclectus parrots (Eclectus roratus) and Crimson rosellas (Platycercus elegans) from Australia, Burrowing parrots (Cyanoliseus patagonus) and Monk parakeets from Argentina (Myiopsitta monachus), and Forbes’ parakeet from New Zealand (Cyanoramphus forbesi). A total of 612 samples were screened. BFDV was not detected in any of the sampled birds. Our results provide a retrospective screening, covering three different tribes of Old and New World parrots, including two of the most numerous species, and contributing a large set of negative results. Furthermore, our results suggest that geographical and temporal differences in BFDV distribution may exist and merit further research, as a critical component in the efforts to manage the disease and its epidemiological aspects. The results presented here hold the potential to provide a baseline for future studies investigating the temporal evolution and the spread of BFDV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number148
JournalDiversity
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • BFDV
  • Circoviridae
  • Infectious disease
  • Psittaciformes
  • Surveillance
  • Viral infection
  • Vulner-able taxa
  • Wild populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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