A new isolate of beak and feather disease virus from endemic wild red-fronted parakeets (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) in New Zealand

Luis Ortiz-Catedral, Brigitta Kurenbach, Melanie Massaro, Kate McInnes, Dianne H. Brunton, Mark E. Hauber, Darren P. Martin, Arvind Varsani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is a viral disease distributed worldwide with a potentially critical impact on many rare parrots. While efforts have been made to determine its prevalence in wild and captive psittacines, only limited work has been done to document complete genomes of its causative agent, beak and feather disease virus (BFDV). Here, we describe five full genomes of BFDV isolated from wild specimens of an endemic New Zealand parrot, the red-fronted parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae). The isolates share >99% nucleotide similarity amongst themselves and ~91-92% similarity to BFDV isolates from southern Africa, Europe and Australia. A maximum-likelihood (ML) phylogenetic tree including 42 other full-genome sequences indicated that the five isolates from red-fronted parakeets represent an undescribed genotype of BFDV. These isolates are evolutionarily most closely related to the Cacatuini isolates from Thailand and the Lorinae isolates from Australia in the rep gene ML tree; however, in the cp ML tree, the evolutionary relationship is closer to viruses found in the Psittacini.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-620
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Virology
Volume155
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Parakeets
Circovirus
New Zealand
Psittaciformes
Parrots
Genome
Beak
Southern Africa
Feathers
Virus Diseases
Thailand
Nucleotides
Genotype
Viruses
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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A new isolate of beak and feather disease virus from endemic wild red-fronted parakeets (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) in New Zealand. / Ortiz-Catedral, Luis; Kurenbach, Brigitta; Massaro, Melanie; McInnes, Kate; Brunton, Dianne H.; Hauber, Mark E.; Martin, Darren P.; Varsani, Arvind.

In: Archives of Virology, Vol. 155, No. 4, 04.2010, p. 613-620.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ortiz-Catedral, Luis ; Kurenbach, Brigitta ; Massaro, Melanie ; McInnes, Kate ; Brunton, Dianne H. ; Hauber, Mark E. ; Martin, Darren P. ; Varsani, Arvind. / A new isolate of beak and feather disease virus from endemic wild red-fronted parakeets (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) in New Zealand. In: Archives of Virology. 2010 ; Vol. 155, No. 4. pp. 613-620.
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