A new cross-linkable oxygen sensor covalently bonded into poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-co-polyacrylamide thin film for dissolved oxygen sensing

Yanqing Tian, Bradley R. Shumway, Deirdre Meldrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new oxygen sensor, compound 2, was synthesized through a chemical modification of a popularly used oxygen sensor of platinum(II)-5,10,15,20- tetrakis-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorophenyl)-porphyrin (PtTFPP). The new sensor compound 2 possesses four cross-linkable methacrylate functional moieties, enabling it to be polymerized and cross-linked with other monomers for polymer sensing film (also called membrane) preparation. Using this characteristic, compound 2 was covalently bonded to hydrophilic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-co-polyacrylamide (referred to as PHEMA to simplify) and hydrophobic polystyrene (PS) films. To better understand the advantages and disadvantages of chemical cross-linking approaches and the influence of polymer matrices on sensing performance, we physically incorporated PtTFPP into the same PHEMA and PS matrices to compare. Response to dissolved oxygen (DO), leaching of the sensor molecules from their matrices, photostability of the sensors, and response time to DO changes were studied. It was concluded that the chemical crosslinking of the sensor compound 2 in polymer matrices: (i) alleviated the leaching problem of sensor molecules that usually occurred in the physically doped sensing systems, and (ii) significantly improved sensors' photostability. The PHEMA matrix was demonstrated to be more suitable for dissolved oxygen sensing than PS, because for the same sensor molecule, the oxygen sensitivity in PHEMA film was higher than that in PS and response time to DO change in the PHEMA film was faster than that in PS. It was the first time oxygen sensing films were successfully prepared using biocompatible hydrophilic PHEMA as a matrix, which does not allow leaching of the sensor molecules from the polymer matrix, has a faster response to DO changes than that of PS, and does not present cytotoxicity to human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (A549). It is expected that the new sensor compound 2 and its similar compounds with chemical cross-linking characteristics can be widely applied to generate many interesting oxygen sensing materials for studying biological phenomena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2069-2078
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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