A new class of entropy stabilized oxides: Commensurately modulated A6B2O17 (A = Zr, Hf; B = Nb, Ta) structures

Albert A. Voskanyan, Kristina Lilova, Scott J. McCormack, Waltraud M. Kriven, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

High entropy oxides (HEOs) have experienced a meteoric rise in the past decade. Here, we report a new class of entropy stabilized A6B2O17 (A = Zr, Hf; B = Nb, Ta) oxides whose enthalpies of formation have been determined by high temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry. All four compounds have endothermic enthalpies of formation from binary oxides (AO2 and B2O5), indicating that these modulated phases are entropy stabilized. The unfavorable energetics of formation are counterbalanced by large configurational entropy arising from cation disorder. The calculated configurational entropy per formula unit for A6B2O17 is 4.50R J/mol⋅K, which is ~2.8 times higher than the maximum configurational entropy value of 1.61R for an equimolar five cation containing “high entropy oxide”. Based on X-ray and neutron diffraction data, measured enthalpies of formation and calculated configurational entropies, one can infer that all four compounds have a high degree of disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114139
JournalScripta Materialia
Volume204
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • ABO
  • Calorimetry
  • Cation disorder
  • Entropy stabilized oxides
  • High entropy oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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