A new approach in modeling phase distribution in fully developed bubbly pipe flow

Ismail Celik, Aytekin Gel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Turbulent two-phase flow equations are derived and solved for fully developed pipe flow using a composite eddy-viscosity model and a new void-fraction equation. The void fraction profile is first specified from experiments and the velocity field is calculated to validate the eddy viscosity model. Consequently, a new equation is presented for calculation of the void fraction. This void-fraction equation incorporates the gradient of turbulent normal stresses in the radial direction, the conventional lift force, and a contribution from the unsteady drag force. The implications of this new equation, for the bubbly flow regime, are investigated by calculating the void-fraction distribution for a given velocity field. Inclusion of the normal turbulent stresses in the radial direction is shown to simulate correctly the experimentally observed trends of the phase distribution, both for upward and downward bubbly flow, without the need for a fictitious term such as the so called "lubrication force".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-311
Number of pages23
JournalFlow, Turbulence and Combustion
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

pipe flow
Void fraction
Pipe flow
voids
eddy viscosity
velocity distribution
Viscosity
flow equations
two phase flow
lubrication
Two phase flow
drag
Lubrication
Drag
inclusions
trends
gradients
composite materials
Composite materials
profiles

Keywords

  • Bubbly flow
  • Eddy-viscosity model
  • Gas-liquid flow
  • Modeling
  • Phase distribution
  • Pseudo-turbulence
  • Two-phase turbulence
  • Void-fraction equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

A new approach in modeling phase distribution in fully developed bubbly pipe flow. / Celik, Ismail; Gel, Aytekin.

In: Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, Vol. 68, No. 4, 01.12.2002, p. 289-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Celik, Ismail ; Gel, Aytekin. / A new approach in modeling phase distribution in fully developed bubbly pipe flow. In: Flow, Turbulence and Combustion. 2002 ; Vol. 68, No. 4. pp. 289-311.
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