In comparison with the first national Children's Bureau Survey in 1961, the current 1977 Children's Bureau Survey indicates that while the percentage of children receiving social services who are handicapped (emotionally disturbed, mentally retarded, and physically handicapped) has declined slightly, the absolute number receiving services has more than doubled. The development of many specialized services as well as a broadened definition of social services since 1961 probably accounts in large part for this trend. Public social services received followed three general patterns: (a) an overall emphasis on serving families and children together rather than only children, a goal of both social services and of specialized services for handicapped children; (b) a greater likelihood of placing handicapped children in out-of-home placements; and (c) a greater likelihood of placing mentally retarded children in out of-home placements and, not unexpectedly therefore, of their families receiving fewer supportive and supplemental services.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Sociology and Political Science