A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect

Martin S. Hagger, Nikos L.D. Chatzisarantis, Hugo Alberts, Calvin Octavianus Anggono, Cédric Batailler, Angela R. Birt, Ralf Brand, Mark J. Brandt, Gene Brewer, Sabrina Bruyneel, Dustin P. Calvillo, W. Keith Campbell, Peter R. Cannon, Marianna Carlucci, Nicholas P. Carruth, Tracy T.L. Cheung, Adrienne Crowell, Denise T.D. De Ridder, Siegfried Dewitte, Malte Elson & 44 others Jacqueline R. Evans, Benjamin A. Fay, Bob M. Fennis, Anna Finley, Zoë Francis, Elke Heise, Henrik Hoemann, Michael Inzlicht, Sander L. Koole, Lina Koppel, Floor M. Kroese, Florian Lange, Kevin Lau, Bridget P. Lynch, Carolien Martijn, Harald Merckelbach, Nicole V. Mills, Alexej Michirev, Akira Miyake, Alexandra E. Mosser, Megan Muise, Dominique Muller, Milena Muzi, Dario Nalis, Ratri Nurwanti, Henry Otgaar, Michael C. Philipp, Pierpaolo Primoceri, Katrin Rentzsch, Lara Ringos, Caroline Schlinkert, Brandon J. Schmeichel, Sarah F. Schoch, Michel Schrama, Astrid Schütz, Angelos Stamos, Gustav Tinghög, Johannes Ullrich, Michelle R. vanDellen, Supra Wimbarti, Wanja Wolff, Cleoputri Yusainy, Oulmann Zerhouni, Maria Zwienenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

262 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control failure is linked to maladaptive outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms by which self-control predicts behavior may assist in promoting better regulation and outcomes. A popular approach to understanding self-control is the strength or resource depletion model. Self-control is conceptualized as a limited resource that becomes depleted after a period of exertion resulting in self-control failure. The model has typically been tested using a sequential-task experimental paradigm, in which people completing an initial self-control task have reduced self-control capacity and poorer performance on a subsequent task, a state known as ego depletion. Although a meta-analysis of ego-depletion experiments found a medium-sized effect, subsequent meta-analyses have questioned the size and existence of the effect and identified instances of possible bias. The analyses served as a catalyst for the current Registered Replication Report of the ego-depletion effect. Multiple laboratories (k = 23, total N = 2,141) conducted replications of a standardized ego-depletion protocol based on a sequential-task paradigm by Sripada et al. Meta-analysis of the studies revealed that the size of the ego-depletion effect was small with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) that encompassed zero (d = 0.04, 95% CI [−0.07, 0.15]. We discuss implications of the findings for the ego-depletion effect and the resource depletion model of self-control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-573
Number of pages28
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Ego
Meta-Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Self-Control
Crime
Workplace
Health

Keywords

  • energy model
  • meta-analysis
  • resource depletion
  • self-regulation
  • strength model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., Alberts, H., Anggono, C. O., Batailler, C., Birt, A. R., ... Zwienenberg, M. (2016). A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(4), 546-573. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616652873

A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect. / Hagger, Martin S.; Chatzisarantis, Nikos L.D.; Alberts, Hugo; Anggono, Calvin Octavianus; Batailler, Cédric; Birt, Angela R.; Brand, Ralf; Brandt, Mark J.; Brewer, Gene; Bruyneel, Sabrina; Calvillo, Dustin P.; Campbell, W. Keith; Cannon, Peter R.; Carlucci, Marianna; Carruth, Nicholas P.; Cheung, Tracy T.L.; Crowell, Adrienne; De Ridder, Denise T.D.; Dewitte, Siegfried; Elson, Malte; Evans, Jacqueline R.; Fay, Benjamin A.; Fennis, Bob M.; Finley, Anna; Francis, Zoë; Heise, Elke; Hoemann, Henrik; Inzlicht, Michael; Koole, Sander L.; Koppel, Lina; Kroese, Floor M.; Lange, Florian; Lau, Kevin; Lynch, Bridget P.; Martijn, Carolien; Merckelbach, Harald; Mills, Nicole V.; Michirev, Alexej; Miyake, Akira; Mosser, Alexandra E.; Muise, Megan; Muller, Dominique; Muzi, Milena; Nalis, Dario; Nurwanti, Ratri; Otgaar, Henry; Philipp, Michael C.; Primoceri, Pierpaolo; Rentzsch, Katrin; Ringos, Lara; Schlinkert, Caroline; Schmeichel, Brandon J.; Schoch, Sarah F.; Schrama, Michel; Schütz, Astrid; Stamos, Angelos; Tinghög, Gustav; Ullrich, Johannes; vanDellen, Michelle R.; Wimbarti, Supra; Wolff, Wanja; Yusainy, Cleoputri; Zerhouni, Oulmann; Zwienenberg, Maria.

In: Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.07.2016, p. 546-573.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hagger, MS, Chatzisarantis, NLD, Alberts, H, Anggono, CO, Batailler, C, Birt, AR, Brand, R, Brandt, MJ, Brewer, G, Bruyneel, S, Calvillo, DP, Campbell, WK, Cannon, PR, Carlucci, M, Carruth, NP, Cheung, TTL, Crowell, A, De Ridder, DTD, Dewitte, S, Elson, M, Evans, JR, Fay, BA, Fennis, BM, Finley, A, Francis, Z, Heise, E, Hoemann, H, Inzlicht, M, Koole, SL, Koppel, L, Kroese, FM, Lange, F, Lau, K, Lynch, BP, Martijn, C, Merckelbach, H, Mills, NV, Michirev, A, Miyake, A, Mosser, AE, Muise, M, Muller, D, Muzi, M, Nalis, D, Nurwanti, R, Otgaar, H, Philipp, MC, Primoceri, P, Rentzsch, K, Ringos, L, Schlinkert, C, Schmeichel, BJ, Schoch, SF, Schrama, M, Schütz, A, Stamos, A, Tinghög, G, Ullrich, J, vanDellen, MR, Wimbarti, S, Wolff, W, Yusainy, C, Zerhouni, O & Zwienenberg, M 2016, 'A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect', Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 546-573. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616652873
Hagger MS, Chatzisarantis NLD, Alberts H, Anggono CO, Batailler C, Birt AR et al. A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2016 Jul 1;11(4):546-573. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616652873
Hagger, Martin S. ; Chatzisarantis, Nikos L.D. ; Alberts, Hugo ; Anggono, Calvin Octavianus ; Batailler, Cédric ; Birt, Angela R. ; Brand, Ralf ; Brandt, Mark J. ; Brewer, Gene ; Bruyneel, Sabrina ; Calvillo, Dustin P. ; Campbell, W. Keith ; Cannon, Peter R. ; Carlucci, Marianna ; Carruth, Nicholas P. ; Cheung, Tracy T.L. ; Crowell, Adrienne ; De Ridder, Denise T.D. ; Dewitte, Siegfried ; Elson, Malte ; Evans, Jacqueline R. ; Fay, Benjamin A. ; Fennis, Bob M. ; Finley, Anna ; Francis, Zoë ; Heise, Elke ; Hoemann, Henrik ; Inzlicht, Michael ; Koole, Sander L. ; Koppel, Lina ; Kroese, Floor M. ; Lange, Florian ; Lau, Kevin ; Lynch, Bridget P. ; Martijn, Carolien ; Merckelbach, Harald ; Mills, Nicole V. ; Michirev, Alexej ; Miyake, Akira ; Mosser, Alexandra E. ; Muise, Megan ; Muller, Dominique ; Muzi, Milena ; Nalis, Dario ; Nurwanti, Ratri ; Otgaar, Henry ; Philipp, Michael C. ; Primoceri, Pierpaolo ; Rentzsch, Katrin ; Ringos, Lara ; Schlinkert, Caroline ; Schmeichel, Brandon J. ; Schoch, Sarah F. ; Schrama, Michel ; Schütz, Astrid ; Stamos, Angelos ; Tinghög, Gustav ; Ullrich, Johannes ; vanDellen, Michelle R. ; Wimbarti, Supra ; Wolff, Wanja ; Yusainy, Cleoputri ; Zerhouni, Oulmann ; Zwienenberg, Maria. / A Multilab Preregistered Replication of the Ego-Depletion Effect. In: Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 546-573.
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AU - Batailler, Cédric

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