A Multi-Theoretical Framework to Assess Gendered Stalking Victimization: The Utility of Self-Control, Social Learning, and Control Balance Theories

Kathleen Talbot, Matt R. Nobles, Bonnie S. Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations


Despite recent advancements in the criminological study of stalking, few theoretical tests have been conducted to date to explain stalking victimization among men and women separately. The current study individually and simultaneously extends three criminological theories to the study of stalking victimization: self-control, social learning, and control balance theories. Among a sample of 2,766 university students, a series of models were estimated for men and women separately to assess each set of theoretical variables net of control variables. Results reveal consistent significant positive relationships between stalking victimization and low self-control for men; differential peer association (e.g. friends are stalking victims) for men and women; and several social learning variables for only women. However, the control imbalance variables do not explain stalking victimization among men or women, net of other theoretical and control variables. The utility of a multi-theoretical approach to future stalking victimization research is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-347
Number of pages29
JournalJustice Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 23 2016



  • control balance
  • gender
  • self-control
  • social learning
  • stalking victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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