A modified measure of health care disparities applied to birth weight disparities and subsequent mortality

Richard J. Butler, Barbara L. Wilson, William Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe how a modified Gini index serves as an improved method of estimating health care disparities. The method, although general, is applied to an example of birth weight disparities and to their effect on subsequent mortality. The method provides the between-group results obtainable from current methods (i.e. how Hispanics generally fare relative to non-Hispanic Whites) but adds measures of within-group disparities (i.e. which specific Hispanics experience the greatest disparate treatment). Our application to birth weights and receipt of prenatal care, which may provide an upper bound because of omitted variables, shows that the time-of-birth disparities are associated with increased infant mortality within the first year of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-126
Number of pages14
JournalHealth Economics
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Fingerprint

Healthcare Disparities
Birth Weight
Mortality
Hispanic Americans
Prenatal Care
Infant Mortality
Parturition

Keywords

  • Gini index
  • Health care disparities
  • Infant mortality
  • Oaxaca disparity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

A modified measure of health care disparities applied to birth weight disparities and subsequent mortality. / Butler, Richard J.; Wilson, Barbara L.; Johnson, William.

In: Health Economics, Vol. 21, No. 2, 02.2012, p. 113-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Butler, Richard J. ; Wilson, Barbara L. ; Johnson, William. / A modified measure of health care disparities applied to birth weight disparities and subsequent mortality. In: Health Economics. 2012 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 113-126.
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