A Map-Reduce based parallel approach for improving query performance in a geospatial semantic web for disaster response

Chuanrong Zhang, Tian Zhao, Luc Anselin, Weidong Li, Ke Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rapid retrieval of spatial information is critical to ensure that emergency supplies and resources can reach the impacted areas in the most efficient manner. However, it remains challenging to find out the needed spatial information efficiently because of the intensive geocomputation processes involved and the heterogeneity of spatial data. It is quite cost prohibitive to query the spatial information from geographical knowledge bases containing complex topological relationships. This research introduces a Map-Reduce based parallel approach for improving the query performance of a geospatial ontology for disaster response. The approach focuses on parallelizing the spatial join computations of GeoSPARQL queries. The proposed parallel approach makes full use of data/task parallelism for spatial queries. The results of some initial experiments show that the proposed approach can reduce individual spatial query execution time by taking advantage of parallel processes. The proposed approach, therefore, may afford a large number of concurrent spatial queries in disaster response applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-509
Number of pages11
JournalEarth Science Informatics
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 5 2015

Keywords

  • Disaster response
  • Geospatial semantic web
  • Map-Reduce
  • Parallel geocomputation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Map-Reduce based parallel approach for improving query performance in a geospatial semantic web for disaster response'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this