A machine learning based approach for phononic crystal property discovery

Seid M. Sadat, Robert Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Phononic crystals are artificially structured materials that can possess special vibrational properties that enable advanced manipulations of sound and heat transport. These special properties originate from the formation of a bandgap that prevents the excitation of entire frequency ranges in the phononic band diagram. Unfortunately, identifying phononic crystals with useful bandgaps is a problematic process because not all phononic crystals have bandgaps. Predicting if a phononic crystal structure has a bandgap, and if so, the gap's center frequency and width is a computationally expensive process. Herein, we explore machine learning as a rapid screening tool for expedited discovery of phononic bandgap presence, center frequency, and width. We test three different machine learning algorithms (logistic/linear regression, artificial neural network, and random forests) and show that random forests performs the best. For example, we show that a random phononic crystal selection has only a 17% probability of having a bandgap, whereas after incorporating rapid screening with the random forests model, this probability increases to 89%. When predicting the bandgap center frequency and width, this model achieves coefficient of determinations of 0.66 and 0.85, respectively. If the model has a priori knowledge that a bandgap exists, the coefficients of determination for center and width improve to 0.97 and 0.85, respectively. We show that most of the model's performance gains are achieved for training datasets as small as ∼5000 samples. Training the model with just 500 samples led to reduced performance but still yielded algorithms with predictive values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025106
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 14 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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