A luminosity function of Lyα-emitting galaxies at z ≈ 4.5 1,2

Steve Dawson, James E. Rhoads, Sangeeta Malhotra, Daniel Stern, JunXian Wang, Arjun Dey, Hyron Spinrad, Buell T. Jannuzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a catalog of 59 z ≈ 4.5 Lyα-emitting galaxies spectroscopically confirmed in a campaign of Keck DEIMOS follow-up observations to candidates selected in the Large Area Lya (LALA) narrowband imaging survey. We targeted 97 candidates for spectroscopic follow-up; by accounting for the variety of conditions under which we performed spectroscopy, we estimate a selection reliability of ∼76%. Together with our previous sample of Keck LRIS confirmations, the 59 sources confirmed herein bring the total catalog to 73 spectroscopically confirmed z ≈ 4.5 Lyαemitting galaxies in the ≈0.7deg2 covered by the LALA imaging. As with the Keck LRIS sample, we find that a nonnegligible fraction of the confirmed Lya lines have rest-frame equivalent widths (Wγrest) that exceed the maximum predicted for normal stellar populations: 17%-31% (93% confidence) of the detected galaxies show Wγrest > 190 Å, and 12%-27% (90%) confidence) show Wγrest > 240 ÅWe construct a luminosity function of z ≈ 4.5 Lyα emission lines for comparison to Lyα luminosity functions spanning 3.1 < z < 6.6. We find no significant evidence for Lyα luminosity function evolution from z ≈ 3 to z ≈ 6. This result supports the conclusion that the intergalactic medium remains largely reionized from the local universe out to z ≈ 6.5. It is somewhat at odds with the pronounced drop in the cosmic star formation rate density recently measured between z ∼ 3 and z ∼ 6 in continuum-selected Lyman-break galaxies, and therefore potentially sheds light on the relationship between the two populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1227-1240
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume671
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2007

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Early universe
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Dawson, S., Rhoads, J. E., Malhotra, S., Stern, D., Wang, J., Dey, A., Spinrad, H., & Jannuzi, B. T. (2007). A luminosity function of Lyα-emitting galaxies at z ≈ 4.5 1,2. Astrophysical Journal, 671(2), 1227-1240. https://doi.org/10.1086/522908