A location-allocation model of Losch's central place theory: testing on a uniform lattice network

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Abstract

This paper develops a location-allocation model of Losch's central place theory that maximizes the number of firms that can coexist in the market, subject to range, threshold, hierarchy, and other constraints. Consumer behavior postulates concerning the "nearest center hypothesis' and the "indifference principle' are formulated as nonlinear constraints but not used during solution. Methods are developed for simulating the continuous, infinite plain with a discrete, bounded network by use of an outer overflow network and a symmetrical market area constraint. The model is tested by applying it to a uniform lattice network and comparing the results to the expected pattern of nested hexagons. Solutions consistent with the k = 3, 4, and 7 patterns are generated by changing threshold values. The long-run purpose of developing and validating a location-allocation model of a location theory is to use it to relax the theory's restrictive assumptions and to apply the theory to nonuniform regions. -from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-337
Number of pages22
JournalGeographical Analysis
Volume21
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989

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location-allocation model
central place theory
location theory
consumption behavior
market
firm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

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A location-allocation model of Losch's central place theory : testing on a uniform lattice network. / Kuby, Michael.

In: Geographical Analysis, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1989, p. 316-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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