A latent class typology of young women smokers

Jennifer S. Rose, Laurie Chassin, Clark Presson, Steven J. Sherman, Michael D. Stein, Nananda Col

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Despite aggressive anti-smoking campaigns, smoking rates are increasing among young women, suggesting the need for new approaches to reach this population. Segmenting audiences can facilitate targeting interventions to specific populations, based on association of smoking behaviors with other health behaviors and psychological and social antecedents. Using latent class analysis, we sought to profile patterns of behavioral, attitudinal and cognitive variables related to tobacco use among young women. Design: This study is part of an ongoing Midwestern longitudinal self-report survey of the natural history of cigarette smoking. Participants: Participants were 18-25-year-old women smokers (n = 443). Measurements: Variables included a comprehensive range of demographic characteristics, smoking-related variables and general attitudinal variables. Findings: Three distinct classes emerged with the following characteristics: (1) working women who tended to smoke daily but reported high levels of positive affect and life satisfaction (n = 212); (2) light-smoking college students who exercised regularly, began smoking after high school and quit successfully at follow-up 5 years later (n = 86); and (3) heavy smokers who were more likely to have children, report high levels of negative affect and smoke for addictive reasons, for stimulation and to control affect (n = 145). Differences in smoking cessation at a 5-year follow-up were significant across the classes (18.1%, 34.4% and 13.0% had quit for at least 6 months, respectively). Conclusions: The psychosocial and behavioral profiles of these classes can potentially be used to tailor smoking interventions more effectively within this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1310-1319
Number of pages10
JournalAddiction
Volume102
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Fingerprint

Smoking
Smoke
Population
Working Women
Health Behavior
Tobacco Use
Smoking Cessation
Natural History
Self Report
Demography
Students
Psychology
Light

Keywords

  • Audience segmentation
  • Behavioral/psychosocial profiles
  • Intervention
  • Latent class typology
  • Smoking
  • Young women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

A latent class typology of young women smokers. / Rose, Jennifer S.; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark; Sherman, Steven J.; Stein, Michael D.; Col, Nananda.

In: Addiction, Vol. 102, No. 8, 08.2007, p. 1310-1319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rose, JS, Chassin, L, Presson, C, Sherman, SJ, Stein, MD & Col, N 2007, 'A latent class typology of young women smokers', Addiction, vol. 102, no. 8, pp. 1310-1319. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01889.x
Rose, Jennifer S. ; Chassin, Laurie ; Presson, Clark ; Sherman, Steven J. ; Stein, Michael D. ; Col, Nananda. / A latent class typology of young women smokers. In: Addiction. 2007 ; Vol. 102, No. 8. pp. 1310-1319.
@article{11f73dc7b0c741a78ff227215c151141,
title = "A latent class typology of young women smokers",
abstract = "Aims: Despite aggressive anti-smoking campaigns, smoking rates are increasing among young women, suggesting the need for new approaches to reach this population. Segmenting audiences can facilitate targeting interventions to specific populations, based on association of smoking behaviors with other health behaviors and psychological and social antecedents. Using latent class analysis, we sought to profile patterns of behavioral, attitudinal and cognitive variables related to tobacco use among young women. Design: This study is part of an ongoing Midwestern longitudinal self-report survey of the natural history of cigarette smoking. Participants: Participants were 18-25-year-old women smokers (n = 443). Measurements: Variables included a comprehensive range of demographic characteristics, smoking-related variables and general attitudinal variables. Findings: Three distinct classes emerged with the following characteristics: (1) working women who tended to smoke daily but reported high levels of positive affect and life satisfaction (n = 212); (2) light-smoking college students who exercised regularly, began smoking after high school and quit successfully at follow-up 5 years later (n = 86); and (3) heavy smokers who were more likely to have children, report high levels of negative affect and smoke for addictive reasons, for stimulation and to control affect (n = 145). Differences in smoking cessation at a 5-year follow-up were significant across the classes (18.1{\%}, 34.4{\%} and 13.0{\%} had quit for at least 6 months, respectively). Conclusions: The psychosocial and behavioral profiles of these classes can potentially be used to tailor smoking interventions more effectively within this population.",
keywords = "Audience segmentation, Behavioral/psychosocial profiles, Intervention, Latent class typology, Smoking, Young women",
author = "Rose, {Jennifer S.} and Laurie Chassin and Clark Presson and Sherman, {Steven J.} and Stein, {Michael D.} and Nananda Col",
year = "2007",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01889.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "102",
pages = "1310--1319",
journal = "Addiction",
issn = "0965-2140",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A latent class typology of young women smokers

AU - Rose, Jennifer S.

AU - Chassin, Laurie

AU - Presson, Clark

AU - Sherman, Steven J.

AU - Stein, Michael D.

AU - Col, Nananda

PY - 2007/8

Y1 - 2007/8

N2 - Aims: Despite aggressive anti-smoking campaigns, smoking rates are increasing among young women, suggesting the need for new approaches to reach this population. Segmenting audiences can facilitate targeting interventions to specific populations, based on association of smoking behaviors with other health behaviors and psychological and social antecedents. Using latent class analysis, we sought to profile patterns of behavioral, attitudinal and cognitive variables related to tobacco use among young women. Design: This study is part of an ongoing Midwestern longitudinal self-report survey of the natural history of cigarette smoking. Participants: Participants were 18-25-year-old women smokers (n = 443). Measurements: Variables included a comprehensive range of demographic characteristics, smoking-related variables and general attitudinal variables. Findings: Three distinct classes emerged with the following characteristics: (1) working women who tended to smoke daily but reported high levels of positive affect and life satisfaction (n = 212); (2) light-smoking college students who exercised regularly, began smoking after high school and quit successfully at follow-up 5 years later (n = 86); and (3) heavy smokers who were more likely to have children, report high levels of negative affect and smoke for addictive reasons, for stimulation and to control affect (n = 145). Differences in smoking cessation at a 5-year follow-up were significant across the classes (18.1%, 34.4% and 13.0% had quit for at least 6 months, respectively). Conclusions: The psychosocial and behavioral profiles of these classes can potentially be used to tailor smoking interventions more effectively within this population.

AB - Aims: Despite aggressive anti-smoking campaigns, smoking rates are increasing among young women, suggesting the need for new approaches to reach this population. Segmenting audiences can facilitate targeting interventions to specific populations, based on association of smoking behaviors with other health behaviors and psychological and social antecedents. Using latent class analysis, we sought to profile patterns of behavioral, attitudinal and cognitive variables related to tobacco use among young women. Design: This study is part of an ongoing Midwestern longitudinal self-report survey of the natural history of cigarette smoking. Participants: Participants were 18-25-year-old women smokers (n = 443). Measurements: Variables included a comprehensive range of demographic characteristics, smoking-related variables and general attitudinal variables. Findings: Three distinct classes emerged with the following characteristics: (1) working women who tended to smoke daily but reported high levels of positive affect and life satisfaction (n = 212); (2) light-smoking college students who exercised regularly, began smoking after high school and quit successfully at follow-up 5 years later (n = 86); and (3) heavy smokers who were more likely to have children, report high levels of negative affect and smoke for addictive reasons, for stimulation and to control affect (n = 145). Differences in smoking cessation at a 5-year follow-up were significant across the classes (18.1%, 34.4% and 13.0% had quit for at least 6 months, respectively). Conclusions: The psychosocial and behavioral profiles of these classes can potentially be used to tailor smoking interventions more effectively within this population.

KW - Audience segmentation

KW - Behavioral/psychosocial profiles

KW - Intervention

KW - Latent class typology

KW - Smoking

KW - Young women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34447127516&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34447127516&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01889.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01889.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 17624981

AN - SCOPUS:34447127516

VL - 102

SP - 1310

EP - 1319

JO - Addiction

JF - Addiction

SN - 0965-2140

IS - 8

ER -