A landslide in tertiary marine shale with superheated fumaroles, coast ranges, California

Robert H. Mariner, Scott A. Minor, Allen P. King, James R. Boles, Karl S. Kellogg, William C. Evans, Gary A. Landis, Andrew G. Hunt, Christy Till

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In August 2004, a National Forest fire crew extinguished a 1.2 ha fire in a wilderness area ∼40 km northeast of Santa Barbara, California. Examination revealed that the fire originated on a landslide dotted with superheated fumaroles. A 4 m borehole punched near the hottest (262 °C) fumarole had a maximum temperature of 307 °C. Temperatures in this borehole have been decreasing by ∼0.1 °C/d, although the cooling rate is higher when the slide is dry. Gas from the fumaroles and boreholes is mostly air with 3-8 vol% carbon dioxide and trace amounts of carbon monoxide, methane, ethane, and propane. The carbon dioxide is 14C-dead. The ratios of methane to ethane plus propane [C1/(C2 + C3)] range from 3.6 to 14. Carbon isotope values for the CO2 range from -14‰ to -23%‰ δ13C. 3He/4He values range from 0.96 to 0.97 times that of air. The anomalous heat is interpreted to be due to rapid oxidation of iron sulfide augmented by combustion of carbonaceous matter within the formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)959-962
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

fumarole
landslide
shale
borehole
propane
ethane
coast
carbon dioxide
methane
wilderness area
iron sulfide
air
forest fire
carbon monoxide
carbon isotope
combustion
temperature
cooling
oxidation
gas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Mariner, R. H., Minor, S. A., King, A. P., Boles, J. R., Kellogg, K. S., Evans, W. C., ... Till, C. (2008). A landslide in tertiary marine shale with superheated fumaroles, coast ranges, California. Geology, 36(12), 959-962. https://doi.org/10.1130/G25285A.1

A landslide in tertiary marine shale with superheated fumaroles, coast ranges, California. / Mariner, Robert H.; Minor, Scott A.; King, Allen P.; Boles, James R.; Kellogg, Karl S.; Evans, William C.; Landis, Gary A.; Hunt, Andrew G.; Till, Christy.

In: Geology, Vol. 36, No. 12, 2008, p. 959-962.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mariner, RH, Minor, SA, King, AP, Boles, JR, Kellogg, KS, Evans, WC, Landis, GA, Hunt, AG & Till, C 2008, 'A landslide in tertiary marine shale with superheated fumaroles, coast ranges, California', Geology, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 959-962. https://doi.org/10.1130/G25285A.1
Mariner RH, Minor SA, King AP, Boles JR, Kellogg KS, Evans WC et al. A landslide in tertiary marine shale with superheated fumaroles, coast ranges, California. Geology. 2008;36(12):959-962. https://doi.org/10.1130/G25285A.1
Mariner, Robert H. ; Minor, Scott A. ; King, Allen P. ; Boles, James R. ; Kellogg, Karl S. ; Evans, William C. ; Landis, Gary A. ; Hunt, Andrew G. ; Till, Christy. / A landslide in tertiary marine shale with superheated fumaroles, coast ranges, California. In: Geology. 2008 ; Vol. 36, No. 12. pp. 959-962.
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