A Histological Comparison of the Original and Regenerated Tail in the Green Anole, Anolis carolinensis

Rebecca E. Fisher, Lauren A. Geiger, Laura K. Stroik, Elizabeth D. Hutchins, Rajani M. George, Dale F. Denardo, Kenro Kusumi, J. Alan Rawls, Jeanne Wilson-Rawls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study provides a histological comparison of the mature regenerated and original tail of the lizard Anolis carolinensis. These data will provide a framework for future studies of this emerging model organism whose genome was recently published. This study demonstrated that the cartilage skeleton of the regenerated tail enclosed a spinal cord with an ependymal core, but there was no evidence that dorsal root ganglia or peripheral nerves are regenerated. The cartilage tube contained foramina that allowed the vasculature to cross, but was otherwise a rigid structure. The original tail has muscle groups arranged in quadrants in a regular pattern that attach to the vertebral column. The regenerated tail has irregular muscle bundles of variable number that form unusual attachments to each other and to the cartilage tube. Furthermore, the data show that there was increased connective tissue within the muscle bundles. Implications for functionality of the regenerated tail and for future biomechanical studies are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1609-1619
Number of pages11
JournalAnatomical Record
Volume295
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Anolis carolinensis
Tail
muscle
tail
cartilage
Cartilage
muscles
Muscles
lizard
skeleton
peripheral nerves
spine (bones)
genome
spinal cord
connective tissues
Lizards
Spinal Ganglia
Peripheral Nerves
Skeleton
Connective Tissue

Keywords

  • Anolis carolinensis
  • Autotomy
  • Myology
  • Regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

A Histological Comparison of the Original and Regenerated Tail in the Green Anole, Anolis carolinensis. / Fisher, Rebecca E.; Geiger, Lauren A.; Stroik, Laura K.; Hutchins, Elizabeth D.; George, Rajani M.; Denardo, Dale F.; Kusumi, Kenro; Rawls, J. Alan; Wilson-Rawls, Jeanne.

In: Anatomical Record, Vol. 295, No. 10, 10.2012, p. 1609-1619.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fisher, Rebecca E. ; Geiger, Lauren A. ; Stroik, Laura K. ; Hutchins, Elizabeth D. ; George, Rajani M. ; Denardo, Dale F. ; Kusumi, Kenro ; Rawls, J. Alan ; Wilson-Rawls, Jeanne. / A Histological Comparison of the Original and Regenerated Tail in the Green Anole, Anolis carolinensis. In: Anatomical Record. 2012 ; Vol. 295, No. 10. pp. 1609-1619.
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