A gender- and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention for Hispanic males

The ANIMO randomized controlled trial pilot study protocol and recruitment methods

David O. Garcia, Luis A. Valdez, Melanie L. Bell, Kyle Humphrey, Melanie Hingle, Marylyn McEwen, Steven P. Hooker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hispanic men have the highest rates of overweight and obesity when compared to men of other racial/ethnic groups, placing them at increased risk for obesity-related disease. Yet, Hispanic men are grossly underrepresented in weight loss research. Tailored intervention strategies to improve obesity treatment programs for this vulnerable racial/ethnic subgroup are needed. This manuscript describes recruitment strategies, methodology, and participant characteristics of the ANIMO study, a 24-week randomized controlled pilot trial testing the effects of a gender- and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention (GCSWLI) on body weight in Hispanic men compared to a wait-list control condition. The ANIMO study included two phases. The first phase was a 12-week GCSWLI. Participants attended weekly in-person individual sessions guided by a trained bilingual Hispanic male lifestyle coach, were prescribed a daily reduced calorie goal, and 225 min of moderate-intensity physical activity per week. In the second phase, GCSWLI participants received bi-weekly phone calls across a 12-week follow-up. Wait-list control (WLC) participants from phase 1 received the GCSWLI plus mobile health technology support. Recruitment strategies included face-to-face efforts at a swap meet (outdoor marketplace), family/friend referrals, printed advertisements and social media. Recruitment, screening, and participant enrollment occurred over three months. Overall, 143 men expressed interest in participation. Of these, 115 were screened and 78% (n = 90) were eligible to participate; 45% of enrolled participants (n = 52) completed baseline assessments and 43% (n = 50) were randomized (mean age of 43.3 ± 11.4 years; BMI: 34.1 ± 5.3 kg/m2; 58% Spanish monolingual). Parameter estimates from ANIMO will support future adequately powered trials for this health disparate population. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02783521

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-163
Number of pages13
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Weight Loss
Randomized Controlled Trials
Obesity
Social Media
Mass Media
Biomedical Technology
Telemedicine
Ethnic Groups
Life Style
Referral and Consultation
Body Weight
Exercise
Health
Research
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Hispanic
  • Men
  • mHealth
  • Recruitment
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

A gender- and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention for Hispanic males : The ANIMO randomized controlled trial pilot study protocol and recruitment methods. / Garcia, David O.; Valdez, Luis A.; Bell, Melanie L.; Humphrey, Kyle; Hingle, Melanie; McEwen, Marylyn; Hooker, Steven P.

In: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, Vol. 9, 01.03.2018, p. 151-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garcia, David O. ; Valdez, Luis A. ; Bell, Melanie L. ; Humphrey, Kyle ; Hingle, Melanie ; McEwen, Marylyn ; Hooker, Steven P. / A gender- and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention for Hispanic males : The ANIMO randomized controlled trial pilot study protocol and recruitment methods. In: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications. 2018 ; Vol. 9. pp. 151-163.
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