A deterministic model of schistosomiasis with spatial structure

Fabio Milner, Ruijun Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been observed in several settings that schistosomiasis is less prevalent in segments of river with fast current than in those with slow current. Some believe that this can be attributed to flush-away of intermediate host snails. However, free-swimming parasite larvae are very active in searching for suitable hosts, which indicates that the flush-away of larvae may also be very important. In this paper, the authors establish a model with spatial structure that characterizes the density change of parasites following the flush-away of larvae. It is shown that the reproductive number, which is an indicator of prevalence of parasitism, is a decreasing function of the river current velocity. Moreover, numerical simulations suggest that the mean parasite load is low when the velocity of river current flow is sufficiently high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-522
Number of pages18
JournalMathematical Biosciences and Engineering
Volume5
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

schistosomiasis
Schistosomiasis
Spatial Structure
Deterministic Model
Rivers
Larva
rivers
larvae
Parasites
Reproductive number
Parasite Load
parasites
host seeking
parasite load
Snails
intermediate hosts
snails
parasitism
Numerical Simulation
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • Delay differential equations
  • Reproductive numbers
  • Schistosomiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A deterministic model of schistosomiasis with spatial structure. / Milner, Fabio; Zhao, Ruijun.

In: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, 07.2008, p. 505-522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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